From Ohio History Central
The Great Depression and World War II were two tumultuous events in American history. While both events caused American confidence to wane, the United States emerged from both the Great Depression and World War II stronger and more confident than before.
During the Great Depression, millions of American workers lost their jobs. In Ohio, by 1933, more than forty percent of factory workers and sixty-seven percent of construction workers were unemployed. In 1932, Ohio's unemployment rate for all residents reached 37.3 percent. Industrial workers who retained their jobs usually faced reduced hours and wages. These people had a difficult time supporting their families. Many of Ohio's city residents moved to the countryside, where they hoped to grow enough food to feed their families.
World War II formally ended the Great Depression in the United States, as millions of unemployed men and women returned to work to produce items for the war effort. Ohioans played a critical role in helping the United States attain victory in World War II. Approximately 839,000 Ohioans, roughly twelve percent of the state's entire population in 1940, served in the armed forces during the conflict. Ohio civilians also actively participated in the war effort, joining in scrap drives and growing victory gardens. Thanks to the efforts of Ohioans and other Americans, the United States emerged from World War II triumphant.
To learn more about this important era in Ohio's history, please browse these entries at your leisure.
Pages in category "Great Depression and World War II"
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