Civil War Artillery Units

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Regimental Colors of the 1st Independent Battery, O.V.L.A..jpg
Regimental colors of the 1st Independent Battery, Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery. Text on flag reads: Text of E 1a: Faugh A Ballah Carnifex South Mountain McMullin's 1st Indp't. Ohio Battery Text of E 1b: Faugh A Ballah

Antietam McMullin's 1st Indp't. Ohio Battery.

During the American Civil War, the State of Ohio provided the United States government with three types of military units: artillery units, cavalry units, and infantry units. Ohio supplied the federal government with more than 260 regiments of men, not counting several companies that formed the basis of regiments in West Virginia, Kentucky, and Massachusetts. A total of 310,654 Ohioans served in the Northern army for varying lengths of time. The federal government required each state to supply a set number of soldiers determined by the state's population. Ohio exceeded the government's call for men by 4,332 soldiers. This number does not reflect the 6,479 men who paid a monetary fine to the government to escape military duty. It also does not include the 5,092 African-American soldiers who served in the United States Colored Troops or in units from other states, including the famous Fifty-Fourth and Fifty-Fifth Massachusetts Infantry Regiments. Ohio exceeded the federal government's requirements by more than fifteen thousand men.

Ohio men fought in every major battle of the war. Within forty-eight hours of President Abraham Lincoln's call for volunteers in April 1861, two Ohio infantry regiments already had departed for Washington DC. An Ohio brigade protected the Union army's retreat at the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861. Ohio regiments also helped secure Kentucky and West Virginia for the North. They participated in the Battles of Fort Donelson, Gettysburg, Antietam, Fort Wagner, Shiloh, Chickamauga, and many others. Approximately 11,237 Ohio soldiers died from wounds received on the various battlefields, while another 13,354 men perished from diseases. Eighty-four of every one thousand Ohio men who served died in the war. Another forty-four for every one thousand deserted. This was one of the lowest desertion rates in the Northern states.

Contents

Artillery units from Ohio:

 

Light Artillery

Battery Term of Enlistment Original Strength Mustered Out Strength
1st Regiment three years 1,800
Battery A three years 134
Battery B three years 114
Battery C three years 133
Battery D three years 99
Battery E three years unknown
Battery F three years 143
Battery G three years 104
Battery H three years 123
Battery I three years 92
Battery K three years unknown
Battery L three years 96
Battery M three years unknown

 

Heavy Artillery

Regiment Term of Enlistment Original Strength Mustered Out Strength
1st Regiment three years 1,764 1,279
2nd Regiment three years 1,786 1,492

 

Independent Batteries

Battery Term of Enlistment Original Strength Mustered Out Strength
1st Battery three years unknown 142
2nd Battery three years unknown 145
3rd Battery three years unknown 123
4th Battery three years unknown Consolidated 10th Battery
5th Battery three years unknown 108
6th Battery three years unknown 97
7th Battery three years unknown 129
8th Battery three years unknown 103
9th Battery three years unknown 138
10th Battery three years unknown 169
11th Battery three years unknown unknown
12th Battery three years unknown 142
13th Battery three years unknown Actually 2nd Kentucky Inf.
14th Battery three years unknown 140
15th Battery three years unknown unknown
16th Battery three years unknown 97
17th Battery three years unknown 148
18th Battery three years unknown unknown
19th Battery three years unknown 115
20th Battery three years unknown 139
21st Battery three years unknown 83
22nd Battery three years unknown 142
23rd Battery three years unknown 111
24th Battery three years unknown unknown
25th Battery three years unknown unknown
26th Battery three years unknown 111

See Also

References

  1. Dee, Christine, ed. Ohio's War: The Civil War in Documents. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2007.  
  2. Leeke, Richard. A Hundred Days to Richmond: Ohio's Hundred Days Men in the Civil War. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999.
  3. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1866. Akron, OH: The Werner Company, 1893.  
  4. Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Generals and Soldiers. Cincinnati, OH: Clarke, 1895.
  5. Roseboom, Eugene H. The Civil War Era: 1850-1873. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1944.