Civil War Infantry Units

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127th Ohio Volunteer Infantry - 5th United States Colored Troops.jpg
127th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, also known as the 5th United States Colored Troops, in formation on Sandusky Street, Delaware, Ohio ca. 1863.

During the American Civil War, the State of Ohio provided the United States government with three types of military units: artillery units, cavalry units, and infantry units. Ohio supplied the federal government with more than 260 regiments of men, not counting several companies that formed the basis of regiments in West Virginia, Kentucky, and Massachusetts. A total of 310,654 Ohioans served in the Union army for varying lengths of time. The federal government required each state to supply a set number of soldiers determined by the state's population. Ohio exceeded the government's call for men by 4,332 soldiers. This number does not reflect the 6,479 men who paid a monetary fine to the government to escape military duty. It also does not include the 5,092 African American soldiers who served in the United States Colored Troops or in units from other states, including the famous Fifty-Fourth and Fifty-Fifth Massachusetts Infantry Regiments. Ohio exceeded the federal government's requirements by more than fifteen thousand men.

Ohio men fought in every major battle of the war. Within forty-eight hours of President Abraham Lincoln's call for volunteers in April 1861, two Ohio infantry regiments already had departed for Washington DC. An Ohio brigade protected the Union army's retreat at the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861. Ohio regiments also helped secure Kentucky and West Virginia for the Union. They participated in the Battles of Fort Donelson, Gettysburg, Antietam, Fort Wagner, Shiloh, Chickamauga, and many others. Approximately 11,237 Ohio soldiers died from wounds received on the various battlefields, while another 13,354 men perished from diseases. Eighty-four of every one thousand Ohio men who served died in the war. Another forty-four for every one thousand deserted. This was among the lowest desertion rates in the Union.

Contents

Infantry Units from Ohio:

<thead> </thead>
Regiment Term of Enlistment Original Strength Mustered Out Strength
1st Regiment three years 1,001 474
2nd Regiment three years 913 383
3rd Regiment three years 919 310
4th Regiment three years 1,004 177
5th Regiment three years 941 322
6th Regiment three years 931 525
7th Regiment three years 1,006 240
8th Regiment three years 905 72
9th Regiment three years 974 400
10th Regiment three years 958 310
11th Regiment three years 887 312
13th Regiment three years 900 142
14th Regiment three years 996 504
15th Regiment three years 938 502
16th Regiment three years 923 477
17th Regiment three years 852 620
18th Regiment three years 921 831
19th Regiment three years 996 478
20th Regiment three years 916 444
21st Regiment three years 889 378
22nd Regiment three years 850 133
23rd Regiment three years 927 732
24th Regiment three years 923 310
25th Regiment three years 949 352
26th Regiment three years 914 249
27th Regiment three years 898 474
28th Regiment three years 1,002 194
29th Regiment three years 988 426
30th Regiment three years 796 282
31st Regiment three years 970 719
32nd Regiment three years 884 766
33rd Regiment three years 839 368
34th Regiment three years 953 unknown
35th Regiment three years 812 510
36th Regiment three years 850 959
37th Regiment three years 867 416
38th Regiment three years 968 697
39th Regiment three years 977 773
40th Regiment three years 890 unknown
41st Regiment three years 889 293
42nd Regiment three years 941 unknown
43rd Regiment three years 925 817
44th Regiment three years 925 unknown
45th Regiment three years 946 436
46th Regiment three years 865 308
47th Regiment three years 830 277
48th Regiment three years 938 267
49th Regiment three years 866 293
50th Regiment three years 924 684
51st Regiment three years 965 669
52nd Regiment three years 978 437
53rd Regiment three years 899 416
54th Regiment three years 709 256
55th Regiment three years 966 378
56th Regiment three years 863 203
57th Regiment three years 937 213
58th Regiment three years 873 364
59th Regiment three years 609 178
60th Regiment one year 867 unknown
60th Regiment three years unknown 563
61st Regiment three years 876 unknown
62nd Regiment three years 936 unknown
63rd Regiment three years 904 564
64th Regiment three years 890 238
65th Regiment three years 909 144
66th Regiment three years 921 439
67th Regiment three years 1,025 570
68th Regiment three years 990 514
69th Regiment three years 900 536
70th Regiment three years 944 355
71st Regiment three years 879 377
72d Regiment three years 1,010 319
73rd Regiment three years 891 454
74th Regiment three years 970 457
75th Regiment three years 921 unknown
76th Regiment three years 929 433
77th Regiment three years 910 444
78th Regiment three years 908 521
79th Regiment three years 859 531
80th Regiment three years 919 325
81st Regiment three years 950 588
82nd Regiment three years 931 727
83rd Regiment three years 1,010 unknown
84th Regiment three months 1,021 unknown
85th Regiment three months 871 unknown
86th Regiment three months 968 unknown
86th Regiment six months 977 unknown
87th Regiment six months 1,024 unknown
88th Regiment six months 620 unknown
88th Regiment three months 1,012 1,017
89th Regiment three months 993 418
90th Regiment three months 965 457
91st Regiment three years 954 741
92nd Regiment three years 905 488
93rd Regiment three years 967 376
94th Regiment three years 1,010 418
95th Regiment three years 1,017 359
96th Regiment three years 1,014 427
97th Regiment three years 964 371
98th Regiment three years 985 401
99th Regiment three years 1,020 unknown
100th Regiment three years 1,014 526
101st Regiment three years 980 329
102nd Regiment three years 1,061 631
103rd Regiment three years 975 185
104th Regiment three years 1,017 640
105th Regiment three years 1,009 427
106th Regiment three years 703 520
107th Regiment three years 850 491
108th Regiment three years 625 412
110th Regiment three years 797 627
111th Regiment three years 1,011 557
113th Regiment three years 849 526
114th Regiment three years 940 393
115th Regiment three years 972 696
116th Regiment three years 897 590
117th Regiment three years 796 unknown
118th Regiment three years 908 530
120th Regiment three years 949 unknown
121st Regiment three years 943 391
122nd Regiment three years 936 585
123rd Regiment three years 969 662
124th Regiment three years 847 431
125th Regiment three years 914 360
126th Regiment three years 889 597
127th Regiment three years 930 unknown
128th Regiment three years 1.025 985
129th Regiment six months 926 unknown

 

Ohio National Guard Infantry Units:

   </colgroup />  </colgroup /> </colgroup />  </colgroup />   </colgroup />  </colgroup /> <thead> </thead>
Regiment Term of Enlistment Original Strength Mustered Out Strength
130th Regiment 100 days 840 797
131st Regiment 100 days 874 865
132nd Regiment 100 days 846 803
133rd Regiment 100 days 917 857
134th Regiment 100 days 867 867
135th Regiment 100 days 850 688
136th Regiment 100 days 869 663
137th Regiment 100 days 905 800
138th Regiment 100 days 843 804
139th Regiment 100 days 773 664
140th Regiment 100 days 858 855
141st Regiment 100 days 866 860
142nd Regiment 100 days 845 845
143rd Regiment 100 days 856 856
144th Regiment 100 days 831 834
145th Regiment 100 days 870 832
146th Regiment 100 days 882 822
147th Regiment 100 days 853 787
148th Regiment 100 days 823 775
149th Regiment 100 days 858 755
150th Regiment 100 days 929 907
151st Regiment 100 days 860 816
152nd Regiment 100 days 860 821
153rd Regiment 100 days 909 753
154th Regiment 100 days 842 743
155th Regiment 100 days 838 785
156th Regiment 100 days 877 841
157th Regiment 100 days 859 859
159th Regiment 100 days 874 847
160th Regiment 100 days 856 836
161st Regiment 100 days 855 831
162nd Regiment 100 days 853 819
163rd Regiment 100 days 839 774
164th Regiment 100 days 865 834
165th Regiment 100 days 598 504
166th Regiment 100 days 960 960
167th Regiment 100 days 793 765
168th Regiment 100 days 851 767
169th Regiment 100 days 945 873
170th Regiment 100 days 851 788
171st Regiment 100 days 898 898
172nd Regiment 100 days 854 845
173rd Regiment one year 1,017 884
174th Regiment one year 952 782
175th Regiment one year 957 582
176th Regiment one year 964 760
177th Regiment one year 1,020 766
178th Regiment one year 937 769
179th Regiment one year 949 764
180th Regiment one year 947 716
181st Regiment one year 1,007 850
182nd Regiment one year 971 771
183rd Regiment one year 1,007 793
184th Regiment one year 985 861
185th Regiment one year 1,006 889
186th Regiment one year 991 851
187th Regiment one year 998 835
188th Regiment one year 1,001 919
189th Regiment one year 1,009 939
191st Regiment one year 1,009 871
192nd Regiment one year 1,011 894
193rd Regiment one year 997 842
194th Regiment one year 990 785
195th Regiment one year 981 759
196th Regiment one year 984 792
197th Regiment one year 1,006 883

See Also

References

  1. Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Generals and Soldiers. Cincinnati, OH: Clarke, 1895.
  2. Leeke, Richard. A Hundred Days to

<city> <place>Richmond</place></city>: <state> <place>Ohio</place></state>'s "Hundred Days" Men in the Civil War. <city> <place>Bloomington</place></city>: <place> <placename>Indiana</placename> <placetype>University</placetype></place> Press, 1999.

  1. Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1866. Akron, OH: The Werner Company, 1893.  
  2. Dee, Christine, ed. Ohio's War: The Civil War in Documents. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2007.  
  3. Roseboom, Eugene H. The Civil War Era: 1850-1873. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1944.