From Ohio History Central
The Columbus Elite Giants was a professional African-American baseball team.
During the late 1800s and the early 1900s, professional baseball teams and leagues were segregated. African Americans did not play on teams with white players. White teams and black teams did not play in the same professional leagues. As a result of this segregation, there were separate leagues and teams for whites and blacks in professional baseball's early decades.
The Columbus Elite Giants played its home games in Columbus, Ohio. The team played in the Negro National League. Following the 1934 season, the Nashville Elite Giants relocated to Columbus and became the Columbus Elite Giants. The team played only one season in Columbus in 1935 and moved to Washington, DC.