From Ohio History Central
The "Glenville shootout" was one of a series of racially-charged riots that occurred in Cleveland, Ohio during the 1960s.
On July 23, 1968, in what became known as the "Glenville shootout," police officers and a number of African-American men confronted each other in Cleveland's Glenville neighborhood, which was on the city's east side. After an hour of violence, four blacks and three policemen had been killed. This incident set off forty-eight hours of additional violence, as looting, arson fires, and beatings occurred. Local authorities reestablished order in the city. Many African-American residents of Cleveland believed that the city, state and federal governments were not meeting their needs. For much of the twentieth century, Cleveland's eastern neighborhoods had lacked business development and a declining population, as many residents, especially white ones, sought better lives in the suburbs. Many remaining residents developed a sense of hopelessness as their communities declined and the various levels of government failed to assist them.
The Glenville shootout and Ohio's several other racial disturbances of the 1960s illustrate the lack of opportunity for many people, especially African Americans, in Ohio's major cities during this era.