Labor Day

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Labor Day in Newark, Ohio.jpg
This 1904 broadside lists the official program for Labor Day festivities in Newark, Ohio, including a parade and Grand Ball. Entertainment included a "high diving dog," watermelon contest, and parachute drop. The events, sponsored by the Newark Trades Union and Labor Council, ended with a band concert and fireworks.

Labor Day is an American holiday that celebrates workers and provides them with a day of rest. Americans observe the holiday on the first Monday of each September. Labor Day was first celebrated in New York City in 1882, but it quickly spread across the United States.

The Ohio legislature formally recognized Labor Day as a state holiday in 1890. John P. Green, a representative in the Ohio house and an African American, introduced a bill that established Labor Day in Ohio. As many Ohioans left their agricultural lives behind to take positions in the state's growing cities, many of these workers welcomed recognition of their important contributions to Ohio's economic growth. Four years later, the United States government established Labor Day as a national holiday.

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