Farmer with horse-drawn plow, ca. 1930-1939.
On April 30, 1935, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt established the Resettlement Administration. The Resettlement Administration was part of President Roosevelt's New Deal. Roosevelt hoped that his New Deal would allow Americans to cope with the Great Depression, would help end the current economic downturn, and would help prevent another depression from occurring in the future.
Roosevelt intended for the Resettlement Administration to aid principally farmers and other agricultural workers. The administration provided federal government funds to resettle farmers residing on marginal or sub-marginal land to more productive areas. The government would then implement soil conservation and reforestation programs on the unproductive land. The Resettlement Administration also provided farmers with low-interest loans to help pay basic living and production expenses. Approximately twenty-five thousand Ohioans received loans through this program. In addition to these programs, the Resettlement Administration created model communities that demonstrated more efficient ways of preserving the environment. One such community was Green Hills near Cincinnati, Ohio. Green Hills provided 670 homes for lower-income Ohioans. To qualify to live in the community, residents had to earn less than two thousand dollars per year.
The Resettlement Administration remained in operation until July 1937, when the federal government replaced it with the Farm Security Administration. The Farm Security Administration continued many of the Resettlement Administrations programs and also attempted to reduce the number of tenant farmers and sharecroppers.