Svet American (American World)
Svet American, translated as American World, was a Czech-American newspaper published in Cleveland, Ohio.
People of Czech heritage primarily began to migrate to the United States of America in the mid to late 1800s. Cleveland had one of the largest Czech communities in Ohio. Hoping to maintain traditional Czech heritage and beliefs, in 1939, John L. Payer united two other Czech-language newspapers, Svet and American, together as the Svet American. This paper was published daily and served as the only Czech-language daily in Cleveland from 1939 until 1950. Following World War II, Svet American editors became vocal proponents of communism. With the Cold War and strong anti-communist sentiments raging in the late 1940s, pressure from Cleveland residents resulted in the closure of Svet American in 1950. Svet American was quickly replaced with Novy Svet, an anti-communist paper.
Like many other Americans during the late 1800s and the early 1900s, the Czech immigrants viewed Ohio as a land of opportunity, but they also sought, as evidenced with Svet American, to maintain many aspects of their traditional culture.
- Van Tassel, David D., and John J. Grabowski, eds. The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.