Woman's Relief Corps Home for Army Nurses

From Ohio History Central

In 1892, the Woman’s Relief Corps established the Woman’s Relief Corps Home for Army Nurses in Madison, Ohio.

The Woman’s Relief Corps is an auxiliary of the Grand Army of the Republic, an organization of Union Army veterans. The Woman’s Relief Corps was founded in Portland, Maine in 1883, but chapters quickly appeared in other states, including in Ohio. The purpose of the institution was to provide housing and aid to destitute or ill women nurses from the American Civil War.

At the urging of the Ladies' Aid Society in 1891, the Ohio General Assembly appropriated twenty-five thousand dollars to build a suitable home for the nurses. Beyond the initial appropriation, the Ohio government did not have to allocate any additional funds. Various veterans' organizations provided the necessary funds for the Woman’s Relief Corps Home for Army Nurses to remain open.

Originally, the home admitted nurses from Ohio and surrounding states, but in 1904, admittance was limited to Ohio nurses only. Over the years, the Woman’s Relief Corps opened the Woman’s Relief Corps Home for Army Nurses to other women. The home eventually became known as the Woman’s Relief Corps Home of the Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, Wives, Mothers, Widows, and Army Nurses. Women affiliated with the Civil War, Spanish-American War, and World War I eventually gained admission. The home was in operation from 1892 until 1962.

See Also


  1. Dee, Christine, ed. Ohio's War: The Civil War in Documents. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2007.  
  2. Gilkey, Elliot Howard. The Ohio Hundred Year Book: A Hand-Book of the Public Men and Public Institutions of Ohio from the Formation of the North-West Territory (1787) to July 1, 1901. Columbus, OH: Fred J. Heer, State Printer, 1901.
  3. Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Generals and Soldiers. Cincinnati, OH: Clarke, 1895.
  4. Roseboom, Eugene H. The Civil War Era: 1850-1873. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1944.