Algonquian Indians

From Ohio History Central
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File:Bill Moose Crowfoot.jpg
Portrait of Bill Moose Crowfoot in head dress and beaded tunic, 1930. He is regarded to have been the last of the Wyandots who lived in Central Ohio. He was born in 1837 in northwest Ohio and moved to the Columbus area with his family when most of his tribe was displaced to Kansas and later to Oklahoma. He was known to have wandered the area around the Olentangy and Scioto rivers. He later lived in a small shack at the corner of Indianola and Morse Roads.

The Algonquians are a variety of groups of Native Americans who all speak languages closely related to one another. The Algonquian language family is one of the largest in America. Native Americans who spoke one of the many Algonquian languages have lived across eastern North America from the Atlantic Ocean to the Rocky Mountains and from northern Canada to the Carolinas.

The Algonquian native groups who lived in modern-day Ohio stayed mainly in small farming villages. Maize or corn was their most important crop. Some of the tribes who either lived in or near Ohio and belonged to the Algonquian Native American language family included the Shawnees, the Delawares, the Miamis, the Eel River natives, the Ottawas, the Wea natives, the Potawatomi natives, the Sauk natives, and the Piankashaw natives. Most Algonquian tribes allied themselves with the French until that country lost its North American colonies in the French and Indian War (1756-1763). Fearing white settlement of their lands, most of these people then sided with the British in the American Revolution and the War of 1812. By the 1840s, most Algonquian tribes had ceded their claims to the land east of the Mississippi River.

See Also


  1. Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.