Portrait of Tish-Co-Han, a chief of the Delaware tribe.
The Algonquians are a variety of groups of Native Americans who all speak languages closely related to one another. The Algonquian language family is one of the largest in America. Native Americans who spoke one of the many Algonquian languages have lived across eastern North America from the Atlantic Ocean to the Rocky Mountains and from northern Canada to the Carolinas.
The Algonquian native groups who lived in modern-day Ohio stayed mainly in small farming villages. Maize or corn was their most important crop. Some of the tribes who either lived in or near Ohio and belonged to the Algonquian Native American language family included the Shawnees, the Delawares, the Miamis, the Eel River natives, the Ottawas, the Wea natives, the Potawatomi natives, the Sauk natives, and the Piankashaw natives. Most Algonquian tribes allied themselves with the French until that country lost its North American colonies in the French and Indian War (1756-1763). Fearing white settlement of their lands, most of these people then sided with the British in the American Revolution and the War of 1812. By the 1840s, most Algonquian tribes had ceded their claims to the land east of the Mississippi River.
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.