Battle of Piqua
Throughout the American Revolution, Shawnee warriors conducted raids against U.S. settlements in Kentucky. In the summer of 1780, George Rogers Clark, hoping to prevent further attacks, led 1,050 men against the Shawnee natives living in the Miami River Valley. Among Clark's soldiers was frontiersman Daniel Boone. The U.S. forces crossed the Ohio River at modern-day Cincinnati. The army burned five Shawnee villages, including Old Chillicothe, along the Little Miami River. The U.S. forces also burned Loramie's Store, a British trading post, in what is now Shelby County, Ohio. The Shawnees generally fell back before Clark's army, but a major encounter between the two sides occurred on August 8, 1780, near what is now Springfield, Ohio. Known as the Battle of Piqua, both sides suffered significant casualties. Clark's attack, successful as far as it went, did not reduce the tensions between the U.S. and the Native Americans of the Ohio Country.
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
- Waller, George Macgregor. The American Revolution in the West. Chicago, IL: Nelson-Hall, 1976.