Battle of the Sandusky
In 1782, William Crawford led a combined force of Virginians and Pennsylvanians in an attack on Seneca-Cayuga and Delaware along the Sandusky River. David Williamson and a number of the men who had participated in the Gnadenhutten Massacre of the Delaware were among his troops. Crawford and his men held off the American Indians and their British allies at the Battle of the Sandusky on June 4-5, 1782. The Americans lost approximately fifty men, including Colonel Crawford, who was taken prisoner after the battle. The following day, at the Battle of the Olentangy, the American force was divided, and the combined Seneca-Cayuga and Delaware succeeded in driving the Americans from the area. Crawford was reportedly burned at the stake, as the popular Anglo-American press ran at the time, in "revenge" for the Gnaddenhutten Massacre. Another prisoner, Dr. John Knight, managed to escape and spread the news of Crawford's terrible death. According to Knight's account, Simon Girty had watched the torture. Girty refused to give in to Crawford's pleas to shoot him, knowing it might mean his own death if he did. David Williamson was not captured and returned to Pennsylvania unharmed.
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.