Po-Go-Nay-Ke-Shick (Hole in the Day), the celebrated Chippewa chief, ca. 1880-1889.
The Chippewa natives, also known as the Ojibwa and Anishanabea, lived mainly in Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Ontario, Canada. They were part of the Algonquian language family. The Algonquian natives consisted of various groups of Native Americans that spoke similar languages. The Chippewa were closely related to the Ottawa natives and Potawatomi natives.
The Chippewa natives participated in the fur trade with French merchants. Numerous Frenchmen found wives among Chippewa women. Chippewa warriors fought with the French against the British in the French and Indian War. Following France's defeat, the Chippewa natives assisted Pontiac in Pontiac's Rebellion. Pontiac was a chief of the Ottawas, but his mother was Chippewa. During the American Revolution, the Chippewa natives allied themselves with the British. The natives feared white Americans would continue to swarm over the natives' land if they did not receive assistance from the British.
General Anthony Wayne defeated the Chippewa, who fought alongside other Native Americans of the Ohio Country, at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. They gave up their claim to lands in Ohio with the signing of several treaties, including the Treaty of Fort Harmar (1789), the Treaty of Greeneville (1795), the Treaty of Fort Industry (1805), and the Treaty of the Maumee Rapids (1817).
- Treaty of Fort Industry (1805)
- Anthony Wayne
- Battle of Fallen Timbers
- French and Indian War
- Algonquian Indians
- Ottawa Indians
- Potawatomi Indians
- Ohio Country
- American Revolution
- Treaty of Greeneville (1795)
- Treaty of Fort Harmar (1789)
- Treaty of the Maumee Rapids (1817)
- Pontiac's Rebellion
- Greenville, Ohio
- Fur Trade
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.