Clovis Spear Points

Clovis spear points are among the oldest stone points found in America, ranging in age from about 9500 to 8000 BC. They are characterized by grooves, or "flutes," on both faces that extend from the base of the lanceolate point towards the tip. The flutes appear to have helped attach the point securely to a spear shaft. Clovis points are named for the town of Clovis, New Mexico, where they were found in association with the bones of a mammoth. Clovis points are found across North America from Alaska to northern South America, but they are especially common in several eastern states, including Ohio. It has been suggested that these points were designed to kill mammoths, mastodons, and other “megafauna” during the last Ice Age. Clovis points would have been effective big-game weapons – in fact Wyoming archaeologist George Frison, using replicas of Clovis points, was able to pierce the hides of elephants in Africa – but they also may have been used to hunt smaller animals during the Paleoindian period.  

See Also


  1. Fagan, Brian. The Great Journey: The Peopling of Ancient

<country-region>America.</country-region> <city>Gainesville:</city> University Press of <place> <state>Florida</state></place>, 2004.

  1. Haynes, Gary. The Early Settlement of North America: The Clovis Era. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2002. 
  2. Lepper, Bradley T. Ohio Archaeology: An Illustrated Chronicle of Ohio's Ancient American Indian Cultures. Wilmington, Ohio, Orange Frazer Press, 2005. 
  3. Meltzer, David, The Search for the First Americans.

<place> <city>Washington</city>, <state>DC</state></place>, Smithsonian Books, 1993.

  1. Frison, George, Prehistoric Hunters of the High Plains. New York: Academic Press, 1991.