Regimental colors of the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry., Company C (Regimental colors of the Columbus Fencibles). Rectangular flag measures 142 cm high by 196 cm wide. Text on flag reads: Bear it with hon nd it with bravery. Text is missing in areas.
At the start of the American Civil War, both the Union and the Confederacy had to rely on individual states to supply the armed forces with men and supplies. In Ohio, Governor William Dennison turned to the Ohio militia to provide the federal government with necessary troops. The Ohio militia system had been in decline since the end of the War of 1812. With Great Britain's departure from Ohio and the declining threat from Native Americans, Ohio citizens and their government had felt little need to support strongly this system for the state's defense.
In April 1861, following President Abraham Lincoln's call for seventy-five thousand volunteers to end the Confederacy's rebellion, Dennison dispatched George McClellan and Jacob Cox to the state arsenal in Columbus to investigate the guns and other supplies that Ohio had on hand to help equip the militia units. The two men discovered cannons that didn't work, useless muskets, and other equipment. Despite the lack of equipment, Dennison encouraged Ohio communities to revive the militia system and to form units that they would send to Columbus, the state capital.
While the state militia system had deteriorated, numerous communities had maintained units. These units existed primarily to march in parades and to provide young men with something to do in their spare time. Among these units were the Columbus Fencibles, numbering approximately ninety men. This unit quickly answered the governor's call. It served as part of the first two Ohio infantry regiments organized for the war, becoming Company C of the Second Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Governor Dennison dispatched these regiments to Washington, DC, to protect the nation's capital on April 19, 1861. This was just four days after President Lincoln's call for volunteers.
- Dee, Christine, ed. Ohio's War: The Civil War in Documents. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2007.
- Leeke, Richard. A Hundred Days to
<city> <place>Richmond</place></city>: <state> <place>Ohio</place></state>'s "Hundred Days" Men in the Civil War. <city> <place>Bloomington</place></city>: <place> <placename>Indiana</placename> <placetype>University</placetype></place> Press, 1999.
- Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1866. Akron, OH: The Werner Company, 1893.
- Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Generals and Soldiers. Cincinnati, OH: Clarke, 1895.
- Roseboom, Eugene H. The Civil War Era: 1850-1873. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1944.