Difference between revisions of "Cowan Creek Mound"

From Ohio History Central
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| caption = Ceramic rimsherd is an example of Adena Plain pottery. It was part of a fairly large jar with a slightly outward bending rim and a flat lip. The surface is plain with no decoration. It is very pale brown and dark gray in color. Item was excavated from Cowan Creek Mound in Vernon Township, Clinton County, Ohio.
 
| caption = Ceramic rimsherd is an example of Adena Plain pottery. It was part of a fairly large jar with a slightly outward bending rim and a flat lip. The surface is plain with no decoration. It is very pale brown and dark gray in color. Item was excavated from Cowan Creek Mound in Vernon Township, Clinton County, Ohio.
 
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<p>The Cowan Creek Mound was a conical burial mound located in Vernon Township, Clinton County, Ohio. Raymond Baby excavated the mound in the late 1940s. At the base of the mound, he uncovered a circular pattern of postmolds 45 feet in diameter. He found many small, thick fragments of charred bark around the postmolds and concluded that these features represented an ancient house that had been roofed with bark. This was the first discovery of a circular pattern of postmolds beneath a mound in Ohio.</p>  
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<p>The Cowan Creek Mound was a conical burial mound located in Vernon Township, Clinton County, Ohio. Raymond Baby excavated the mound in the late 1940s. At the base of the mound, he uncovered a circular pattern of postmolds 45 feet in diameter. He found many small, thick fragments of charred bark around the postmolds and concluded that these features represented an ancient house that had been roofed with bark. This was the first discovery of a circular pattern of postmolds beneath a mound in Ohio.</p>  
<p>A radiocarbon date for the site indicated it was built at around 440 BC, placing it in the Adena culture.</p>  
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<p>A radiocarbon date for the site indicated it was built at around 440 BC, placing it in the Adena culture.</p>  
 
<p>Baby thought the structure had been a dwelling that was burned down to be used as a place of burial. Later investigators think such Adena structures were specialized mortuary buildings used for funeral rites and burial.</p>
 
<p>Baby thought the structure had been a dwelling that was burned down to be used as a place of burial. Later investigators think such Adena structures were specialized mortuary buildings used for funeral rites and burial.</p>
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
<div class="seeAlsoText">
 
<div class="seeAlsoText">
 
*[[Raymond Baby]]
 
*[[Raymond Baby]]
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*[[http://ohsweb.ohiohistory.org/ohiopix/Image.cfm?ID=7716&criteria=&start=1 Beads from Cowan Creek Mound]]
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*[[http://ohsweb.ohiohistory.org/ohiopix/Image.cfm?ID=7717&criteria=&start=1 Pottery from Cowan Creek Mound]]
 
</div>
 
</div>
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==References==
 
==References==
 
<div class="referencesText">
 
<div class="referencesText">
 
#Lepper, Bradley T. <em>Ohio Archaeology: An Illustrated Chronicle of Ohio's Ancient American Indian Cultures.</em> Wilmington, Ohio, Orange Frazer Press, 2005.&nbsp;
 
#Lepper, Bradley T. <em>Ohio Archaeology: An Illustrated Chronicle of Ohio's Ancient American Indian Cultures.</em> Wilmington, Ohio, Orange Frazer Press, 2005.&nbsp;
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#Woodward, Susan L., and Jerry N. McDonald. <em>Indian Mounds of the Middle Ohio Valley: A Guide to Mounds and Earthworks of the Adena, Hopewell, Cole, and Fort Ancient People</em>. Lincoln: The University of Nebraska Press, 2002.<strong>&nbsp;</strong>
 
#Webb, William S. and Raymond S. Baby. <em>The Adena People No. 2.</em> Ohio Historical Society, Columbus. 1975.
 
#Webb, William S. and Raymond S. Baby. <em>The Adena People No. 2.</em> Ohio Historical Society, Columbus. 1975.
#Woodward, Susan L., and Jerry N. McDonald. <em>Indian Mounds of the Middle Ohio Valley: A Guide to Mounds and Earthworks of the Adena, Hopewell, Cole, and Fort Ancient People</em>. Lincoln: The University of Nebraska Press, 2002.&nbsp;
 
 
</div>
 
</div>
[[Category:Prehistory Places]][[Category:Prehistory]]
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[[Category:Prehistory Places]][[Category:Prehistory]][[Category:American Indians]]
[[Category:American Indians]]
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Revision as of 14:52, 23 May 2013

Rimsherd.jpg
Ceramic rimsherd is an example of Adena Plain pottery. It was part of a fairly large jar with a slightly outward bending rim and a flat lip. The surface is plain with no decoration. It is very pale brown and dark gray in color. Item was excavated from Cowan Creek Mound in Vernon Township, Clinton County, Ohio.

The Cowan Creek Mound was a conical burial mound located in Vernon Township, Clinton County, Ohio. Raymond Baby excavated the mound in the late 1940s. At the base of the mound, he uncovered a circular pattern of postmolds 45 feet in diameter. He found many small, thick fragments of charred bark around the postmolds and concluded that these features represented an ancient house that had been roofed with bark. This was the first discovery of a circular pattern of postmolds beneath a mound in Ohio.

A radiocarbon date for the site indicated it was built at around 440 BC, placing it in the Adena culture.

Baby thought the structure had been a dwelling that was burned down to be used as a place of burial. Later investigators think such Adena structures were specialized mortuary buildings used for funeral rites and burial.

See Also

References

  1. Lepper, Bradley T. Ohio Archaeology: An Illustrated Chronicle of Ohio's Ancient American Indian Cultures. Wilmington, Ohio, Orange Frazer Press, 2005. 
  2. Woodward, Susan L., and Jerry N. McDonald. Indian Mounds of the Middle Ohio Valley: A Guide to Mounds and Earthworks of the Adena, Hopewell, Cole, and Fort Ancient People. Lincoln: The University of Nebraska Press, 2002. 
  3. Webb, William S. and Raymond S. Baby. The Adena People No. 2. Ohio Historical Society, Columbus. 1975.