Dayton, Ohio, General Motors Strike (1996)
On March 5, 1996, three thousand workers, members of the United Auto Workers, went on strike at two General Motors (GM) parts plants in Dayton, Ohio, causing GM production facilities across the United States to close.
The striking workers opposed General Motors' practice of contracting work out to non-GM plants, a violation of the GM workers' contract. They also hoped to gain job security, as GM had been closing plants throughout the 1990s.
Due to a lack of parts, GM plants across the United States shut down. By the end of the strike's first week, nearly seventy-five thousand GM workers were idle. The company was losing nearly fifty million dollars per day due to all of the plant closures. The strike ended on March 22, 1996, when the workers and GM reached an agreement, which included the two Dayton plants not facing closure in the near future. The strike symbolized growing attempts by automakers to cut costs and the fears of workers that their jobs were in jeopardy because of these cuts.