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(Constitution of the State of Ohio. We, the people of the State of Ohio, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, to secure its blessings, and promote our common welfare, do establish this Constitution. Article 1. Bill of Rights. Section 1. All men are...)
 
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Constitution of the State of Ohio. We, the people of the State of Ohio, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, to secure its blessings, and promote our common welfare, do establish this Constitution. Article 1. Bill of Rights. Section 1. All men are, by nature, free and independent, and have certain inalienable rights, among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and seeking and obtaining happiness and safety. Section 2. All political power is inherit in the people. Government is instituted for their equal protection and benefit, and they have the right to alter, reform, or abolish the same. whenever they may deem it necessary; and no special privileges or immunities shall ever be granted, that may not be altered, revoked, or re- pealed by the General Assembly. Section 3. The people have the right to assemble together, in a peaceable manner, to consult for their common good; to instruct their Representatives; and to petition the General Assembly for the redress of gri- evances. Section 4. The people have the right to bear arms for their defense and security; but standing armies, in time of peace, are dangerous to liberty, and shall not be kept up; and the military shall be in strict subordination to the civil power. Section 5. The right of trial by jury shall be inviolate. Section 6. There shall be no slavery in this State; nor involuntary servitude, unless for the punishment of crime. Section 7. All men have a natural and defensible right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own conscience. No person shall be compelled to attend, erect, or support any place of worship, or maintain any form of worship, against his consent; and no preference shall be given, by law, to any religious society; nor shall any interference with the rights of conscience be permitted. No religious test shall be required, as a qualification of office, nor shall any person be incompetent to be a witness on account of his religious belief; but nothing herein shall be construed to dispense with oaths and affirmations. Religion, morality and knowledge, however, being essential to good government, it shall be the duty of the General Assembly to pass suitable laws, to protect every religious denomination in the peaceable enjoyment of its own mode of public worship, and to encourage schools and the means of instruction. Section 8. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety requires it. Section 9. All persons shall be bailable by sureties, except for capital offenses where
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Image is located on Ohio Memory at: http://cdm16007.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p267401coll32/id/16791
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{{Information
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|description=The Constitution of the state of Ohio, shown here, was approved by a vote of 125,564 to 109,276 and went into effect on September 1, 1851. The 1851 Constitution is 31 pages and measures 13" x 21" (33 x 53.34 cm). Overwhelming support for amending the Ohio Constitution led to the calling of a Constitutional Convention in 1849. The convention met in Columbus in 1850, but was forced to adjourn and reconvene in Cincinnati due to the cholera epidemic in Columbus. When they met, the delegates made significant changes to the 1802 Constitution. For example, the 1802 Constitution declared that Supreme Court judges had to hold one session per year in every county in the state. In 1851 the number of judges increased to five and district courts were created. The 1851 Constitution also provided that government officials, including judges, would be elected by popular vote rather than appointed by the legislature. In addition, a provision to call a Constitutional Convention in 1871 and every twenty years thereafter was adopted. Despite the efforts of many social reformers, the Constitution did not grant the right to vote to African Americans or women.
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|source=The Ohio History Connection, Library Archives Collection, State Archives Series 2675
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File Permissions for use of this photograph: Online access is provided for research and education purposes. For rights and reproduction requests or more information, go to http://www.ohiohistory.org/images/information.
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|author=Constitutional Convention of 1850
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}}
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[[Category:History Images]]

Revision as of 15:15, 16 April 2015

Image is located on Ohio Memory at: http://cdm16007.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p267401coll32/id/16791

Description

The Constitution of the state of Ohio, shown here, was approved by a vote of 125,564 to 109,276 and went into effect on September 1, 1851. The 1851 Constitution is 31 pages and measures 13" x 21" (33 x 53.34 cm). Overwhelming support for amending the Ohio Constitution led to the calling of a Constitutional Convention in 1849. The convention met in Columbus in 1850, but was forced to adjourn and reconvene in Cincinnati due to the cholera epidemic in Columbus. When they met, the delegates made significant changes to the 1802 Constitution. For example, the 1802 Constitution declared that Supreme Court judges had to hold one session per year in every county in the state. In 1851 the number of judges increased to five and district courts were created. The 1851 Constitution also provided that government officials, including judges, would be elected by popular vote rather than appointed by the legislature. In addition, a provision to call a Constitutional Convention in 1871 and every twenty years thereafter was adopted. Despite the efforts of many social reformers, the Constitution did not grant the right to vote to African Americans or women.

Source

The Ohio History Connection, Library Archives Collection, State Archives Series 2675

File Permissions for use of this photograph: Online access is provided for research and education purposes. For rights and reproduction requests or more information, go to http://www.ohiohistory.org/images/information.

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Constitutional Convention of 1850

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