Fluted Spear Points

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File:Fluted Spear Points.jpg
Paleoindian spear points come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Look at this selection of points and think about how they are similar and how they are different.

Fluted spear points include a variety of styles made by different cultures during the early Paleoindian Period. The feature they all have in common is the set of grooves, or flutes, on both faces of the lanceolate points, that extend from the base of the point towards the tip. Clovis points are the earliest form of fluted points. Other styles include Gainey points (fifth from left), Crowfield points (fourth from left), and Cumberland points (second from left). Cumberland points also are known as Barnes points in Ontario and neighboring regions.

Fluted points were used until around 9,500 BC, when they were replaced by the unfluted lanceolate points of the late Paleoindian period.

See Also


  1. Fagan, Brian. The Great Journey: The Peopling of Ancient

<country-region>America.</country-region> <city>Gainesville:</city> University Press of <place> <state>Florida</state></place>, 2004.

  1. Lepper, Bradley T. Ohio Archaeology: An Illustrated Chronicle of Ohio's Ancient American Indian Cultures. Wilmington, Ohio, Orange Frazer Press, 2005. 
  2. Meltzer, David, The Search for the First Americans.

<place> <city>Washington</city>, <state>DC</state></place>, Smithsonian Books, 1993.