The Glenville Shootout was one of a series of racially-charged riots that occurred in Cleveland, Ohio during the 1960s.
On July 23, 1968, in what became known as the Glenville Shootout, police officers and a number of African-American individuals confronted each other in Cleveland's Glenville neighborhood, located on the city's east side. After an hour of violence, four African-American individuals and three police officers had been killed. The incident set off forty-eight hours of additional violence, including looting, arson fires, and beatings. Local authorities eventually reestablished order in the city.
The Glenville Shootout and several other racial disturbances in Ohio during the 1960s illustrate the lack of opportunity for many people, especially African Americans, in Ohio's major cities during this era. Many African-American residents of Cleveland believed that the city, state, and federal governments were not meeting their needs. For much of the twentieth century, Cleveland's eastern neighborhoods had lacked business development and the population declined in these areas as many residents, especially white ones, sought better lives in the suburbs. Many remaining residents developed a sense of hopelessness as their communities declined and the various levels of government failed to assist them.
After the incident, a man named Fred Evans would be tried and convicted for the seven deaths resulting from the violence. He was alleged to have conspired with others to cause the events that lead to the shooting deaths of multiple persons. A jury declared Evans guilty of the crimes. Evans was sentenced to death.