Harold H. Crane
Photo of American poet Hart Crane taken by Walker Evans in 1930.
Hart Crane was a well known twentieth-century poet in the United States.
Harold Hart Crane was born in Garrettsville, Ohio, on July 21, 1899. Crane described his childhood as being unpleasant. His father, the original producer of Lifesaver candy, was a confectioner in Cleveland, Ohio. His mother was very doting and domineering. In 1916, Crane dropped out of high school in Ohio and moved to New York City. Arriving in New York, Crane worked as an advertising salesman for a poetry magazine. He returned to Cleveland because he was unable to financially support himself in New York.
Returning to Ohio, Crane worked as a reporter for the Cleveland Plain Dealer, as a candy salesman in Akron, and as a laborer in his father's factory. He published his first poem, "My Grandmother's Love Letters," in a literary magazine and returned to New York City. He later returned to Ohio on several occasions to take jobs that financed other journeys to New York. In 1926, Crane published a collection of his poems in an anthology entitled White Buildings. Crane's poetry in this collection was inspired by his time in New York. After the publication of White Buildings, Crane was recognized as one of the United States' leading poets. He socialized with other prominent writers, including Katherine Ann Porter and E.E. Cummings.
After the success of his first book, Crane began to draft a series of poems based upon the Brooklyn Bridge. Since first arriving in New York in 1916, the bridge had fascinated him. Over the next several years, Crane dedicated himself to immortalizing the Brooklyn Bridge in poetry. During this period, he survived on donations from art patrons. He traveled to Europe but was forced to come back to the United States following a brawl in Paris, France. In 1930, Crane completed his poem and published it under the title "The Bridge." This poem won Poetry Magazine's highest prize and helped Crane attain a Guggenheim fellowship.
Using the funds from the Guggenheim fellowship, Crane traveled to Mexico and began to write a new epic poem on Hernan Cortes's campaign against the Aztecs during the 1510s and 1520s. His funds exhausted, Crane decided to return to the United States. Crane boarded a ship and traveled into the Gulf of Mexico. On April 27, 1932, he jumped overboard and committed suicide. He was thirty-two years old.
Today, Hart Crane is recognized as one of the most important and influential poets from the United States during his era.