Hundred Days' Men
Reproduction of an engraved copper portrait of Governor John Brough. He was elected in 1864 during the Civil War and pledged to continue military support for the Union cause. Brough died in 1865 and did not complete his two year term.
In the spring of 1864, John Brough, the governor of Ohio, proposed that the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin enlist men to help defend their respective states during the American Civil War. Ohio would enlist thirty thousand new soldiers. Indiana and Illinois would furnish twenty thousand men apiece, while Iowa and Wisconsin would provide ten thousand and five thousand men respectively.
These Hundred Days' Men were to serve as garrison troops throughout the North and in areas of the South that Northern armies had occupied. After Confederate General John Hunt Morgan's raid into Ohio in 1863, Brough was especially concerned with preventing Confederate invasions of the North. The Hundred Days' Men would allow regular soldiers currently serving as garrison troops to be sent to advancing Union armies. In this way, the Union might win the war more quickly, hopefully in one hundred or fewer days.
The governors of these five states submitted their suggestion to Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, who placed the proposal before President Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln immediately approved the plan. Ohio easily provided the federal government with its share of the Hundred Days' Men. Nearly thirty-six thousand Ohio men actually reported for duty, exceeding Ohio's requirement by six thousand soldiers. The other states that agreed to enlist One Hundred Days' Men fell short in their pledges. The War Department accepted all of Ohio's recruits, and the men were ready for duty within sixteen days of enlistment. These men did help the Northern war effort, but the larger armies failed to accomplish their primary objective -- defeating the South within one hundred days.
The American Civil War did not end until the spring of 1865.
- Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1866. Akron, OH: The Werner Company, 1893.
- Dee, Christine, ed. Ohio's War: The Civil War in Documents. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2007.
- Leeke, Richard. A Hundred Days to Richmond: Ohio's "Hundred Days" Men in the Civil War. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999.
- Reid, Whitelaw. Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Generals and Soldiers. Cincinnati, OH: Clarke, 1895.
- Roseboom, Eugene H. The Civil War Era: 1850-1873. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1944.