Difference between revisions of "Late Prehistoric Period"

From Ohio History Central
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{{infobox
 
{{infobox
| image = [[File:Late Prehistoric Village in Northeastern Ohio.jpg]]
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| image = [[File:American Indian Life in the Late Prehistoric Period.jpeg]]
| caption = This painting shows what a typical Late Prehistoricvillage in northeastern Ohio might have looked like.
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| caption = Painting from the Ancient Ohio art series depicting a Late Prehistoric/Fort Ancient (AD 900 - AD 1650) village in the Miami River Valley.
 
}}
 
}}
 
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<h2>A.D. 900 to 1650</h2>
==A.D. 900 to 1650==
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<p>The Late Prehistoric Period refers to the time immediately before the movement of Europeans into the Ohio country. The American Indian cultures occupying Ohio during this period lived in large villages often surrounded by a stockade wall. Sometimes they built their villages on high ground overlooking a river. Leadership may have become centralized in one or two leaders, perhaps including a war chief.</p>
 
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<p>Late Prehistoric people grew maize (or corn), beans, and squash in their fields. They continued to hunt, fish, and gather wild plant foods, but maize was, by far, their most important source of food.</p>
The Late Prehistoric Period refers to the time immediately before the movement of Europeans into the Ohio country. The American Indian cultures occupying Ohio during this period lived in large villages often surrounded by a stockade wall. Sometimes they built their villages on high ground overlooking a river. Leadership may have become centralized in one or two leaders, perhaps including a war chief.
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<p>Their ritual life was centered on the plazas at the center of their villages and often the dead were buried in graves surrounding the plaza. Effigy mounds represent a new development during this period. Serpent Mound and the Alligator Mound appear to have been shrines to important spirits that still were revered by the tribes of the historic period. </p>
 
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<p>During the Late Prehistoric Period, several distinctive cultures arose in different parts of Ohio: the Fort Ancient culture in central and southern Ohio, Sandusky culture in northwestern Ohio, Whittlesey culture in northeastern Ohio, and the Monongahela culture in eastern Ohio.</p>
Late Prehistoric people grew maize (or corn), beans, and squash in their fields. They continued to hunt, fish, and gather wild plant foods, but maize was, by far, their most important source of food.
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<p>The Late Prehistoric Period also is called the Mississippian Period. In the Mississippi Valley and in the Southeastern United States, large cites grew up during this time. The largest was Cahokia in Illinois.</p>
 
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<p>Perhaps similar large cities would have become established in Ohio, but the Beaver Wars and then the movement of Europeans into the region forever changed the lives of Ohio's American Indian peoples.&nbsp;</p>
Their ritual life was centered on the plazas at the center of their villages and often the dead were buried in graves surrounding the plaza. Effigy mounds represent a new development during this period. Serpent Mound and the Alligator Mound appear to have been shrines to important spirits that still were revered by the tribes of the historic period.
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==See Also==
 
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<div class="seeAlsoText">
During the Late Prehistoric Period, several distinctive cultures arose in different parts of Ohio: the Fort Ancient culture in central and southern Ohio, Sandusky culture in northwestern Ohio, Whittlesey culture in northeastern Ohio, and the Monongahela culture in eastern Ohio.
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*[[Arrowheads]]
 
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*[[Beaver Wars]]
The Late Prehistoric Period also is called the Mississippian Period. In the Mississippi Valley and in the Southeastern United States, large cites grew up during this time. The largest was Cahokia in Illinois.
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*[[Fort Ancient Ceramic Jar]]
 
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*[[Fort Ancient Culture]]
Perhaps similar large cities would have become established in Ohio, but the Beaver Wars and then the movement of Europeans into the region forever changed the lives of Ohio's American Indian peoples.
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*[[Fort Ancient Face]]
[[Category:Prehistory Groups]]
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*[[Fort Ancient Pots]]
[[Category:Prehistory]][[Category:American Indians]]
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*[[Maize]]
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*[[Monongahela Culture]]
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*[[Ohio]]
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*[[Ohio's Prehistoric Timeline]]
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*[[Sandusky Culture]]
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*[[Whittlesey Culture]]
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</div>
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==References==
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<div class="referencesText">
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#Lepper, Bradley T. <em>Ohio Archaeology: An Illustrated Chronicle of Ohio's Ancient American Indian Cultures.</em> Wilmington, Ohio, Orange Frazer Press, 2005.&nbsp;
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#Lepper, Bradley T., Great Serpent.&nbsp; <em>Timeline</em> 15(5):30-45, 1998.
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#Milner, George R. <em>The Moundbuilders: Ancient Peoples of Eastern North America. </em>London, Thames &amp; Hudson, 2005.
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</div>
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[[Category:Prehistory Groups]][[Category:Prehistory]]
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[[Category:American Indians]]

Revision as of 04:00, 18 May 2013

File:American Indian Life in the Late Prehistoric Period.jpeg
Painting from the Ancient Ohio art series depicting a Late Prehistoric/Fort Ancient (AD 900 - AD 1650) village in the Miami River Valley.

A.D. 900 to 1650

The Late Prehistoric Period refers to the time immediately before the movement of Europeans into the Ohio country. The American Indian cultures occupying Ohio during this period lived in large villages often surrounded by a stockade wall. Sometimes they built their villages on high ground overlooking a river. Leadership may have become centralized in one or two leaders, perhaps including a war chief.

Late Prehistoric people grew maize (or corn), beans, and squash in their fields. They continued to hunt, fish, and gather wild plant foods, but maize was, by far, their most important source of food.

Their ritual life was centered on the plazas at the center of their villages and often the dead were buried in graves surrounding the plaza. Effigy mounds represent a new development during this period. Serpent Mound and the Alligator Mound appear to have been shrines to important spirits that still were revered by the tribes of the historic period.

During the Late Prehistoric Period, several distinctive cultures arose in different parts of Ohio: the Fort Ancient culture in central and southern Ohio, Sandusky culture in northwestern Ohio, Whittlesey culture in northeastern Ohio, and the Monongahela culture in eastern Ohio.

The Late Prehistoric Period also is called the Mississippian Period. In the Mississippi Valley and in the Southeastern United States, large cites grew up during this time. The largest was Cahokia in Illinois.

Perhaps similar large cities would have become established in Ohio, but the Beaver Wars and then the movement of Europeans into the region forever changed the lives of Ohio's American Indian peoples. 

See Also

References

  1. Lepper, Bradley T. Ohio Archaeology: An Illustrated Chronicle of Ohio's Ancient American Indian Cultures. Wilmington, Ohio, Orange Frazer Press, 2005. 
  2. Lepper, Bradley T., Great Serpent.  Timeline 15(5):30-45, 1998.
  3. Milner, George R. The Moundbuilders: Ancient Peoples of Eastern North America. London, Thames & Hudson, 2005.