Difference between revisions of "Logan's Lament"

From Ohio History Central
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{{infobox
 
{{infobox
 
| image = [[File:Chief Logan.jpg]]
 
| image = [[File:Chief Logan.jpg]]
| caption = Photographic reproduction of a print depicting James Logan (1725-1780), a chief of the Mingo tribe. Logan initially encouraged his people not to attack whites who settled in the Ohio country. After family members were killed by settlers in 1774, he wanted to avenge their deaths and began raiding villages in what is now western Pennsylvania. While his allies the Shawnee attempted to make peace with the settlers, Logan continued to fight until his death around 1780.
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| caption = Photographic reproduction of a print depicting James  
 +
Logan (1725-1780), a chief of the Mingo tribe. Logan  
 +
initially encouraged his people not to attack whites who  
 +
settled in the Ohio country. After family members  
 +
were killed by settlers in 1774, he wanted to avenge  
 +
their deaths and began raiding villages in what is now  
 +
western Pennsylvania. While his allies the Shawnee  
 +
attempted to make peace with the settlers, Logan  
 +
continued to fight until his death around 1780.
 +
 
 
}}
 
}}
<p>Logan was a leader of the Mingo Indians. He was a war leader but often urged his fellow natives not to attack whites settling in the Ohio Country. His attitude changed on May 3, 1774, when a group of Virginia settlers murdered approximately one dozen Mingos. Among them were Logan's mother and sister. Logan demanded that the Mingos and their allies, principally the Shawnee Indians, take revenge for the deaths of his loved ones. Cornstalk, one of the important leaders of the Shawnees, still called for peace, but Logan ignored him. He conducted raids in western Pennsylvania, killing thirteen whites in retaliation for the Mingos' deaths. His attacks resulted in Lord Dunmore's War.</p>  
+
<p>Logan was a leader of the Mingo Indians. He was a war leader but often urged his fellow natives not to attack whites settling in the Ohio Country. His attitude changed on May 3, 1774, when a group of Virginia settlers murdered approximately one dozen Mingos. Among them were Logan's mother and sister. Logan demanded that the Mingos and their allies, principally the Shawnee Indians, take revenge for the deaths of his loved ones. Cornstalk, one of the important leaders of the Shawnees, still called for peace, but Logan ignored him. He conducted raids in western Pennsylvania, killing thirteen whites in retaliation for the Mingos' deaths. His attacks resulted in Lord Dunmore's War.</p>  
<p>The English eventually defeated the natives, and the two sides met near Chillicothe to determine peace terms. Logan refused to attend but did send a speech known as &quot;Logan's Lament.&quot; Simon Girty, an Englishman kidnapped by the natives and then raised as one of their own, may have read it at the conference. It became one of the most famous speeches by a Native American in American history.</p>  
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<p>The English eventually defeated the natives, and the two sides met near Chillicothe to determine peace terms. Logan refused to attend but did send a speech known as &quot;Logan's Lament.&quot; Simon Girty, an Englishman kidnapped by the natives and then raised as one of their own, may have read it at the conference. It became one of the most famous speeches by a Native American in American history.</p>  
<p>Logan spent the remainder of his life trying to prevent white settlers from moving into the Ohio Country. During the American Revolution, he continued to raid white settlements in Pennsylvania. Most accounts describe Logan as becoming despondent and turning to alcohol after his family's murder. He probably died around 1780.</p>  
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<p>Logan spent the remainder of his life trying to prevent white settlers from moving into the Ohio Country. During the American Revolution, he continued to raid white settlements in Pennsylvania. Most accounts describe Logan as becoming despondent and turning to alcohol after his family's murder. He probably died around 1780.</p>  
 
<p>Logan's Indian name continues to be the subject of some dispute. He has been identified over the past two centuries as Tah-ga-jute, Tachnechdorus, Soyechtowa, Tocaniodoragon and Talgayeeta. </p>
 
<p>Logan's Indian name continues to be the subject of some dispute. He has been identified over the past two centuries as Tah-ga-jute, Tachnechdorus, Soyechtowa, Tocaniodoragon and Talgayeeta. </p>
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
<div class="seeAlsoText">
 
<div class="seeAlsoText">
*[[American Revolution]]
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*[[John Murray]]
*[[Chillicothe, Ohio]]
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*[[Hokolesqua]]
 
*[[Simon Girty]]
 
*[[Simon Girty]]
*[[Hokolesqua - Cornstalk]]
 
 
*[[Logan]]
 
*[[Logan]]
 
*[[Lord Dunmore's War and the Battle of Point Pleasant]]
 
*[[Lord Dunmore's War and the Battle of Point Pleasant]]
 +
*[[American Revolution]]
 
*[[Mingo Indians]]
 
*[[Mingo Indians]]
*[[John Murray - Lord Dunmore]]
 
*[[Ohio Country]]
 
 
*[[Shawnee Indians]]
 
*[[Shawnee Indians]]
 +
*[[Chillicothe, Ohio]]
 +
*[[Ohio Country]]
 
</div>
 
</div>
 +
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
<div class="referencesText">
 
<div class="referencesText">
 
#Hurt, R. Douglas. <em>The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830</em>. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
 
#Hurt, R. Douglas. <em>The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830</em>. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
#Jacob, John J.&nbsp;<em>A Biographical Sketch of the Life of the Late Captain Michael Cresap</em>. Cumberland, MD: J.M. Buchanan, 1826.
+
#Jacob, John J.<strong>&nbsp;</strong><em>A Biographical Sketch of the Life of the Late Captain Michael Cresap</em>. Cumberland, MD: J.M. Buchanan, 1826.
 
#Jefferson, Thomas. <em>Notes on the State of Virginia</em>. Boston, MA: Printed by H. Sprague, 1802.
 
#Jefferson, Thomas. <em>Notes on the State of Virginia</em>. Boston, MA: Printed by H. Sprague, 1802.
 
#Mayer, Brantz. <em>Tah-gah-jute, or, Logan and Cresap: An Historical Essay</em>. Albany, NY: J. Munsell, 1867.
 
#Mayer, Brantz. <em>Tah-gah-jute, or, Logan and Cresap: An Historical Essay</em>. Albany, NY: J. Munsell, 1867.
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#Thwaites, Reuben Gold, and Luise Phelps Kellogg. <em>Documentary History of Dunmore's War, 1774</em>. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., Inc., 2002.
 
#Thwaites, Reuben Gold, and Luise Phelps Kellogg. <em>Documentary History of Dunmore's War, 1774</em>. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., Inc., 2002.
 
</div>
 
</div>
[[Category:History Documents]][[Category:Exploration To Statehood]]
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[[Category:History Documents]][[Category:Exploration To Statehood]][[Category:American Indians]][[Category:American Revolution]][[Category:Military]][[Category:Frontier Ohio]]
[[Category:American Indians]]
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[[Category:American Revolution]]
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[[Category:Frontier Ohio]]
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[[Category:Military]]
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Revision as of 15:30, 23 May 2013

Chief Logan.jpg
Photographic reproduction of a print depicting James Logan (1725-1780), a chief of the Mingo tribe. Logan initially encouraged his people not to attack whites who settled in the Ohio country. After family members were killed by settlers in 1774, he wanted to avenge their deaths and began raiding villages in what is now western Pennsylvania. While his allies the Shawnee attempted to make peace with the settlers, Logan

continued to fight until his death around 1780.

Logan was a leader of the Mingo Indians. He was a war leader but often urged his fellow natives not to attack whites settling in the Ohio Country. His attitude changed on May 3, 1774, when a group of Virginia settlers murdered approximately one dozen Mingos. Among them were Logan's mother and sister. Logan demanded that the Mingos and their allies, principally the Shawnee Indians, take revenge for the deaths of his loved ones. Cornstalk, one of the important leaders of the Shawnees, still called for peace, but Logan ignored him. He conducted raids in western Pennsylvania, killing thirteen whites in retaliation for the Mingos' deaths. His attacks resulted in Lord Dunmore's War.

The English eventually defeated the natives, and the two sides met near Chillicothe to determine peace terms. Logan refused to attend but did send a speech known as "Logan's Lament." Simon Girty, an Englishman kidnapped by the natives and then raised as one of their own, may have read it at the conference. It became one of the most famous speeches by a Native American in American history.

Logan spent the remainder of his life trying to prevent white settlers from moving into the Ohio Country. During the American Revolution, he continued to raid white settlements in Pennsylvania. Most accounts describe Logan as becoming despondent and turning to alcohol after his family's murder. He probably died around 1780.

Logan's Indian name continues to be the subject of some dispute. He has been identified over the past two centuries as Tah-ga-jute, Tachnechdorus, Soyechtowa, Tocaniodoragon and Talgayeeta.

See Also

References

  1. Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
  2. Jacob, John J. A Biographical Sketch of the Life of the Late Captain Michael Cresap. Cumberland, MD: J.M. Buchanan, 1826.
  3. Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia. Boston, MA: Printed by H. Sprague, 1802.
  4. Mayer, Brantz. Tah-gah-jute, or, Logan and Cresap: An Historical Essay. Albany, NY: J. Munsell, 1867.
  5. Sawvel, Franklin B. Logan the Mingo. Boston, MA: R. G. Badger, 1921.
  6. Thwaites, Reuben Gold, and Luise Phelps Kellogg. Documentary History of Dunmore's War, 1774. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., Inc., 2002.