Difference between revisions of "Miami Indians"

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| image = [[File:Miami Tribe.jpg]]
 
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| caption= Portrait of Mi-A-Qu-A, a Miami chief.
 
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<p>The Miami Indians originally lived in Indiana, Illinois, and southern Michigan at the time of European arrival. They moved into the Maumee Valley around 1700. They soon became the most powerful Indian tribe in Ohio. The Miamis spoke one of the dialects of the Algonquian Indians and were thus related to the Delaware Indians, the Ottawa Indians, and the Shawnee Indians. </p>  
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<p>The Miami natives originally lived in Indiana, Illinois, and southern Michigan at the time of European colonization of North America. They moved into the Maumee Valley around 1700. They soon became the most powerful American Indian tribe in Ohio. The Miamis spoke an Algonquian dialect, and were thus related to the Delaware (Lenape), the Ottawa, and the Shawnee. </p>
<p>The Miamis were allies of the French until British traders moved into the Ohio Country, around 1740. The French forced the British out of Ohio, and the Miamis allied themselves with the French again until the British victory in the French and Indian War. As French trading posts turned into British forts, many Miami Indians moved to present-day Indiana to avoid further battles with the more powerful British. During the American Revolution, the Miamis, who were especially fearful of additional white settlers moving into the Ohio Country, fought with the British against the Americans. After the defeat of the British, the Miami Indians continued to fight the Americans. </p>  
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<p>The Miami were allies of the French until British traders moved into the Ohio Country, around 1740. The French forced the British out of Ohio, and the Miamis allied themselves with the French again until the British victory in the French and Indian War. As French trading posts turned into British forts, many Miami natives moved to present-day Indiana to avoid further battles with the more powerful British. During the American Revolution, the Miami, who were especially fearful of additional white settlers moving into the Ohio Country, fought with the British against the United States. After the defeat of the British, the Miami natives continued to fight the newly-formed United States. </p>
<p>Little Turtle was a great leader of the Miamis. He helped to lead a force of Miamis and other Indians to victory over two American armies. They defeated the army of General Josiah Harmar in 1790 (Harmar's Defeat) and the army of General Arthur St. Clair in 1791 (St. Clair's Defeat). </p>  
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<p>Little Turtle was a great leader of the Miamis, with affiliations to the Eel River tribe. He helped to lead a force of Miami and other American Indians to victory over two United States armies. They defeated the army of General Josiah Harmar in 1790 (Harmar's Defeat) and the army of General Arthur St. Clair in 1791 (St. Clair's Defeat). </p>
<p>General Anthony Wayne finally defeated the Miamis and other Ohio Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. They surrendered most of their lands in Ohio with the signing of the Treaty of Greeneville. In 1818, the United States forced the Miami Indians to give up their last reservation in Ohio. Most of these people settled in Indiana, but the United States removed some of them to Kansas during the 1850s, while others were permitted to remain in Indiana.</p>
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<p>General Anthony Wayne defeated the Miamis and other American Indians with Ohio lands at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. The Miamis, along with other American Indians living in Ohio, were forced to surrender most of their Ohio lands with the signing of the Treaty of Greenville. In 1818, the United States forced the Miami to give up their last reservation in Ohio. Many of the displaced Ohio Miami settled in Indiana, but, once more, the U.S. federal government removed some of them to Kansas during the 1850s, while others were permitted to remain in Indiana.</p>
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<p> Descendents of the Ohio Miami are members of the federally-recognized Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, and of the unrecognized Miami Nation of Indiana. </p>
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
<div class="seeAlsoText">
 
<div class="seeAlsoText">
*[[Algonquian Indians]]
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*[[Josiah Harmar]]
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*[[Arthur St. Clair]]
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*[[Anthony Wayne]]
 
*[[American Revolution]]
 
*[[American Revolution]]
*[[Battle of Fallen Timbers]]
 
*[[Delaware Indians]]
 
 
*[[French and Indian War]]
 
*[[French and Indian War]]
*[[Greenville, Ohio]]
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*[[Algonquian Indians]]
*[[Harmar's Defeat]]
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*[[Josiah Harmar]]
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*[[Michikinikwa - Little Turtle]]
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*[[Ohio]]
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*[[Ohio Country]]
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*[[Ottawa Indians]]
 
*[[Ottawa Indians]]
 
*[[Shawnee Indians]]
 
*[[Shawnee Indians]]
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*[[Treaty of Greenville (1795)]]
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*[[Ohio Country]]
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*[[Delaware Indians]]
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*[[Michikinikwa]]
 
*[[St. Clair's Defeat]]
 
*[[St. Clair's Defeat]]
*[[Arthur St. Clair]]
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*[[Harmar's Defeat]]
*[[Treaty of Greeneville (1795)]]
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*[[Battle of Fallen Timbers]]
*[[Anthony Wayne]]
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*[[Ohio]]
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*[[Greenville, Ohio]]
 
</div>
 
</div>
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==References==
 
==References==
 
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<div class="referencesText">
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#Hurt, R. Douglas. <em>The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830</em>. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
 
#Hurt, R. Douglas. <em>The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830</em>. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
 
</div>
 
</div>
[[Category:History Groups]][[Category:Exploration To Statehood]]
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[[Category:History Groups]][[Category:Exploration To Statehood]][[Category:American Indians]][[Category:American Revolution]][[Category:Government and Politics]][[Category:Military]][[Category:Frontier Ohio]]
[[Category:American Indians]]
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[[Category:American Revolution]]
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[[Category:Frontier Ohio]]
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[[Category:Government and Politics]]
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[[Category:Military]]
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Latest revision as of 11:53, 20 July 2017

Miami Tribe.jpg
Portrait of Mi-A-Qu-A, a Miami chief.

The Miami natives originally lived in Indiana, Illinois, and southern Michigan at the time of European colonization of North America. They moved into the Maumee Valley around 1700. They soon became the most powerful American Indian tribe in Ohio. The Miamis spoke an Algonquian dialect, and were thus related to the Delaware (Lenape), the Ottawa, and the Shawnee.

The Miami were allies of the French until British traders moved into the Ohio Country, around 1740. The French forced the British out of Ohio, and the Miamis allied themselves with the French again until the British victory in the French and Indian War. As French trading posts turned into British forts, many Miami natives moved to present-day Indiana to avoid further battles with the more powerful British. During the American Revolution, the Miami, who were especially fearful of additional white settlers moving into the Ohio Country, fought with the British against the United States. After the defeat of the British, the Miami natives continued to fight the newly-formed United States.

Little Turtle was a great leader of the Miamis, with affiliations to the Eel River tribe. He helped to lead a force of Miami and other American Indians to victory over two United States armies. They defeated the army of General Josiah Harmar in 1790 (Harmar's Defeat) and the army of General Arthur St. Clair in 1791 (St. Clair's Defeat).

General Anthony Wayne defeated the Miamis and other American Indians with Ohio lands at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. The Miamis, along with other American Indians living in Ohio, were forced to surrender most of their Ohio lands with the signing of the Treaty of Greenville. In 1818, the United States forced the Miami to give up their last reservation in Ohio. Many of the displaced Ohio Miami settled in Indiana, but, once more, the U.S. federal government removed some of them to Kansas during the 1850s, while others were permitted to remain in Indiana.

Descendents of the Ohio Miami are members of the federally-recognized Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, and of the unrecognized Miami Nation of Indiana.

See Also

References

  1. Anson, Bert. The Miami Indians. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1970.
  2. Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.