Difference between revisions of "Michael Cresap"

From Ohio History Central
(Created page with "{{infobox | image = [[File:.]] }} <p>Michael Cresap was a frontiersman born in Maryland on April 17, 1742. He spent part of his adult years in the Ohio Country as a trader and...")
 
Line 1: Line 1:
{{infobox
 
| image = [[File:.]]
 
}}
 
 
<p>Michael Cresap was a frontiersman born in Maryland on April 17, 1742. He spent part of his adult years in the Ohio Country as a trader and land developer. He led several raids against Indians whom he believed were hostile to white settlement. Logan of the Mingo Indians accused Cresap of murdering his family. In fact, Cresap was not involved in the incident. He was immortalized in Logan's speech (quoted in Thomas Jefferson's <em>Notes on the State of Virginia</em>) as the murderer of Logan's family. </p>  
 
<p>Michael Cresap was a frontiersman born in Maryland on April 17, 1742. He spent part of his adult years in the Ohio Country as a trader and land developer. He led several raids against Indians whom he believed were hostile to white settlement. Logan of the Mingo Indians accused Cresap of murdering his family. In fact, Cresap was not involved in the incident. He was immortalized in Logan's speech (quoted in Thomas Jefferson's <em>Notes on the State of Virginia</em>) as the murderer of Logan's family. </p>  
 
<p>As a result of the murders, Logan waged war on the settlements along the Ohio River and in western Pennsylvania, killing more than a dozen men women and children. John Murray, Lord Dunmore, raised an army, and appointed Cresap to the rank of captain. The decisive battle of Lord Dunmore's War was the Battle of Point Pleasant. Here Dunmore's forces defeated a band of Shawnee Indians led by Cornstalk. </p>  
 
<p>As a result of the murders, Logan waged war on the settlements along the Ohio River and in western Pennsylvania, killing more than a dozen men women and children. John Murray, Lord Dunmore, raised an army, and appointed Cresap to the rank of captain. The decisive battle of Lord Dunmore's War was the Battle of Point Pleasant. Here Dunmore's forces defeated a band of Shawnee Indians led by Cornstalk. </p>  
Line 7: Line 4:
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
<div class="seeAlsoText">
 
<div class="seeAlsoText">
*[[American Revolution]]
+
*[[Hokolesqua]]
*[[Battle of Point Pleasant]]
+
*[[Hokolesqua - Cornstalk]]
+
 
*[[Thomas Jefferson]]
 
*[[Thomas Jefferson]]
 
*[[Logan]]
 
*[[Logan]]
*[[Lord Dunmore's War and the Battle of Point Pleasant]]
+
*[[American Revolution]]
 
*[[Mingo Indians]]
 
*[[Mingo Indians]]
*[[John Murray - Lord Dunmore]]
 
*[[Ohio Country]]
 
 
*[[Shawnee Indians]]
 
*[[Shawnee Indians]]
 +
*[[Ohio Country]]
 +
*[[John Murray]]
 +
*[[Lord Dunmore's War and the Battle of Point Pleasant]]
 +
*[[Battle of Point Pleasant]]
 
</div>
 
</div>
 +
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
<div class="referencesText">
 
<div class="referencesText">
 
#Hurt, R. Douglas. <em>The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830</em>. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
 
#Hurt, R. Douglas. <em>The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830</em>. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
#Jacob, John J.&nbsp;<em>A Biographical Sketch of the Life of the Late Captain Michael Cresap</em>. Cumberland, MD: J.M. Buchanan, 1826.
+
#Jacob, John J.<strong>&nbsp;</strong><em>A Biographical Sketch of the Life of the Late Captain Michael Cresap</em>. Cumberland, MD: J.M. Buchanan, 1826.
 
#Jefferson, Thomas. <em>Notes on the State of Virginia</em>. Boston, MA: Printed by H. Sprague, 1802.
 
#Jefferson, Thomas. <em>Notes on the State of Virginia</em>. Boston, MA: Printed by H. Sprague, 1802.
 
#Mayer, Brantz. <em>Tah-gah-jute, or, Logan and Cresap: An Historical Essay</em>. Albany, NY: J. Munsell, 1867.
 
#Mayer, Brantz. <em>Tah-gah-jute, or, Logan and Cresap: An Historical Essay</em>. Albany, NY: J. Munsell, 1867.
Line 27: Line 25:
 
#Thwaites, Reuben Gold, and Luise Phelps Kellogg. <em>Documentary History of Dunmore's War, 1774</em>. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., Inc., 2002.
 
#Thwaites, Reuben Gold, and Luise Phelps Kellogg. <em>Documentary History of Dunmore's War, 1774</em>. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., Inc., 2002.
 
</div>
 
</div>
[[Category:History People]][[Category:Exploration To Statehood]]
+
[[Category:History People]][[Category:Exploration To Statehood]][[Category:American Indians]][[Category:American Revolution]][[Category:Business and Industry]][[Category:Military]][[Category:Frontier Ohio]]
[[Category:American Indians]]
+
[[Category:American Revolution]]
+
[[Category:Business and Industry]]
+
[[Category:Frontier Ohio]]
+
[[Category:Military]]
+

Revision as of 14:13, 23 May 2013

Michael Cresap was a frontiersman born in Maryland on April 17, 1742. He spent part of his adult years in the Ohio Country as a trader and land developer. He led several raids against Indians whom he believed were hostile to white settlement. Logan of the Mingo Indians accused Cresap of murdering his family. In fact, Cresap was not involved in the incident. He was immortalized in Logan's speech (quoted in Thomas Jefferson's Notes on the State of Virginia) as the murderer of Logan's family.

As a result of the murders, Logan waged war on the settlements along the Ohio River and in western Pennsylvania, killing more than a dozen men women and children. John Murray, Lord Dunmore, raised an army, and appointed Cresap to the rank of captain. The decisive battle of Lord Dunmore's War was the Battle of Point Pleasant. Here Dunmore's forces defeated a band of Shawnee Indians led by Cornstalk.

After Lord Dunmore's War, Cresap returned to Maryland and subsequently raised a company of riflemen for the Continental Army during the American Revolution. George Washington commissioned him a colonel. He died in the service of the army on October 18, 1775.

See Also

References

  1. Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
  2. Jacob, John J. A Biographical Sketch of the Life of the Late Captain Michael Cresap. Cumberland, MD: J.M. Buchanan, 1826.
  3. Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia. Boston, MA: Printed by H. Sprague, 1802.
  4. Mayer, Brantz. Tah-gah-jute, or, Logan and Cresap: An Historical Essay. Albany, NY: J. Munsell, 1867.
  5. Sawvel, Franklin B. Logan the Mingo. Boston, MA: R. G. Badger, 1921.
  6. Thwaites, Reuben Gold, and Luise Phelps Kellogg. Documentary History of Dunmore's War, 1774. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., Inc., 2002.