On July 15, 1935, the United States Congress passed the Wagner-Connery Act. The Wagner-Connery Act was part of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal. Roosevelt hoped that his New Deal would allow Americans to cope with the Great Depression, would help end the current economic downturn, and would help prevent another depression from occurring in the future.
U.S. Senator Robert F. Wagner of New York introduced the Wagner-Connery Act. This legislation legalized unions and created the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB). The NLRB was to supervise laborers negotiations with their employers, to guarantee collective bargaining, and to prevent employers from engaging in unfair labor practices. The NLRB replaced the National Labor Board, which the United States Supreme Court effectively disbanded when it ruled that the National Industrial Recovery Act was unconstitutional in 1935.
The National Industrial Recovery Act, the Wagner-Connery Act, and the National Labor Relations Board caused tremendous change within the United States, including in Ohio. Workers across the United States descended upon the American Federation of Labors (AFL) offices, seeking to join this union. Unfortunately for the workers, most of these people were unskilled, and the AFL only accepted skilled workers. As a result of the AFL's unwillingness to accept unskilled workers, these employees formed their own unions to seek better working conditions and wages. The NLRB actively protected workers from, what it deemed, were the unfair actions of employers. This included in Ohio, where the NLRB intervened in employer-employee relations in 1941, forcing several companies collectively known as "Little Steel" to allow their workers to unionize.