Difference between revisions of "Potawatomi Indians"

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<p>The Potawatomi lived mainly in Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Ontario, Canada at the time of European contact in the early 1600s. They spoke an Algonquian language. The Potawatomi were closely related to the Objibwe and the Ottawa, and allied themselves together in a confederacy called the Council of Three Fires </p> 
The Potawatomi Indians lived mainly in Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Ontario, Canada at the time of European contact in the early 1600s. They were part of the Algonquian Indians. The Algonquian Indians consisted of various tribes that spoke similar languages. The Potawatomi Indians were closely related to the Chippewa Indians and the Ottawa Indians.
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<p>During the late 1600s and the early 1700s, the Potawatomi struggled with the Iroquois over the Ohio Country. They also fought for territory with the Sioux in modern-day Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan. By the mid 1700s, the Potawatomi had established villages in Illinois and in Indiana.</p> 
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<p>The Potawatomi sided with the French during the French and Indian War. Following France’s defeat, the Potawatomi assisted Pontiac in Pontiac’s Rebellion. During the American Revolution and again in the War of 1812, the Potawatomis allied themselves with the British. The nation feared that Anglo-American settlers would continue to occupy the Potawatomi land if they did not receive assistance from the British. The Potawatomi did not have a large presence in Ohio and, throughout the late 1700s and early 1800s, signed numerous treaties forsaking any land claims in Ohio. By 1841, under the U.S. Government's Indian Removal policy, many of the Potawatomi in Michigan, Wisconsin and the upper Midwest had been removed to promised U.S. government lands in Nebraska and Kansas. They were eventually forced to move to Indian Territory (Oklahoma), though some found ways to remain in Michigan.</p>
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<p> Today, the U.S. government recognizes seven active bands of Potawatomi -- in Michigan, Wisconsin, Kansas, Oklahoma and Indiana; and other bands of Potawatomi are federally recognized First Nations in Canada.</p>  <br />
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==See Also==
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<div class="seeAlsoText">
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*[[Pontiac]]
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*[[French and Indian War]]
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*[[War of 1812]]
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*[[Algonquian Indians]]
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*[[Chippewa Indians]]
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*[[Iroquois Indians]]
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*[[Ohio Country]]
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*[[Ottawa Indians]]
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*[[Pontiac's Rebellion]]
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*[[American Revolution]]
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</div>
  
During the late 1600s and the early 1700s, the Potawatomi Indians struggled with the Iroquois Indians over the Ohio Country. They also fought for territory with the Sioux Indians in modern-day Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan. By the mid 1700s, the Potawatomi had established villages in Illinois and in Indiana.
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==References==
 
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<div class="referencesText">
The Potawatomis sided with the French during the French and Indian War. Following France�s defeat, the Potawatomi Indians assisted Pontiac in Pontiac�s Rebellion. During the American Revolution and again in the War of 1812, the Potawatomis allied themselves with the British. The natives feared American settlers would continue to occupy the Indians� land if they did not receive assistance from the British. The Potawatomi Indians did not have a large presence in Ohio and, throughout the late 1700s and early 1800s, signed numerous treaties forsaking any land claims in Ohio. By 1841, most of these people had moved to reservations west of the Mississippi River.
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#Hurt, R. Douglas. <em>The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830</em>. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
 
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</div>
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[[Category:History Groups]][[Category:Exploration To Statehood]][[Category:American Indians]][[Category:American Revolution]][[Category:Military]][[Category:Frontier Ohio]]
[[Category:History]] [[Category:Groups]] [[Category:{$topic}]]  
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[[Category:Exploration To Statehood]]
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Latest revision as of 13:20, 1 July 2015

The Potawatomi lived mainly in Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Ontario, Canada at the time of European contact in the early 1600s. They spoke an Algonquian language. The Potawatomi were closely related to the Objibwe and the Ottawa, and allied themselves together in a confederacy called the Council of Three Fires

During the late 1600s and the early 1700s, the Potawatomi struggled with the Iroquois over the Ohio Country. They also fought for territory with the Sioux in modern-day Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan. By the mid 1700s, the Potawatomi had established villages in Illinois and in Indiana.

The Potawatomi sided with the French during the French and Indian War. Following France’s defeat, the Potawatomi assisted Pontiac in Pontiac’s Rebellion. During the American Revolution and again in the War of 1812, the Potawatomis allied themselves with the British. The nation feared that Anglo-American settlers would continue to occupy the Potawatomi land if they did not receive assistance from the British. The Potawatomi did not have a large presence in Ohio and, throughout the late 1700s and early 1800s, signed numerous treaties forsaking any land claims in Ohio. By 1841, under the U.S. Government's Indian Removal policy, many of the Potawatomi in Michigan, Wisconsin and the upper Midwest had been removed to promised U.S. government lands in Nebraska and Kansas. They were eventually forced to move to Indian Territory (Oklahoma), though some found ways to remain in Michigan.

Today, the U.S. government recognizes seven active bands of Potawatomi -- in Michigan, Wisconsin, Kansas, Oklahoma and Indiana; and other bands of Potawatomi are federally recognized First Nations in Canada.


See Also

References

  1. Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.