The Sauk Indians lived in Michigan and Wisconsin. The Sauks were part of the Algonquian Indians. The Algonquian Indians consisted of various tribes that spoke similar languages. "Sauk" means "people of the yellow earth."
The Sauks were originally allies of the French but fell from favor when they helped Indians who were hostile to the French. The Sauks were divided about which side to support during the French and Indian War. During the American Revolution the Sauks sided with the British against the Americans.
The Sauks never were a prominent tribe in Ohio. They gave up all claims to lands in Ohio with the signing of the Treaty of Fort Harmar (1789). In 1804, the Sauk Indians relinquished all of their lands east of the Mississippi River.
- Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.