By 1802, American settlers had begun to build their own community at the site of the Delawares' village. Originally known as Tuscarawa, residents changed the name of the town to Coshocton in 1811. The community grew slowly, even after the Ohio and Erie Canal reached the village. Thanks to the canal, Coshocton became a major commercial center in eastern Ohio during the 1820s and 1830s. Most businesses were affiliated with the canal. Several warehouses existed to ship farmers' crops as well as to receive manufactured goods from the eastern part of the United States. There also were several restaurants and hotels to accommodate travelers on the canal.
Although Coshocton had become a bustling economic center, only 625 people resided in the town in 1840. Despite this relatively small population, Coshocton still served as the Coshocton County seat of government beginning in 1810. By 1880, the city's population had grown to just over three thousand people. Most businesses served the surrounding agricultural community. At least two flourmills operated in the city, as well as at least one sawmill. The largest employer in 1880 was Houston &
amp; Hay & amp; Sons, manufacturer of axles and springs for especially buggies and wagons. This business employed sixty-five workers in 1887.
During the twentieth century, Coshocton remained a relatively small community. In 1995, Coshocton was the only city in Coshocton County. It boasted a population of twelve thousand people, one-third of the county's population. Many residents earned their livings through service occupations, including tourism and government positions, although a number of manufacturing jobs existed, especially in the production of rubber and plastic items. The biggest tourism attraction in Coshocton County is Roscoe Village, a restored canal town from the mid 1800s. Roscoe Village began as a separate community, but during the late 1800s, Coshocton absorbed it. Today, visitors can step back in time and envision what life in mid-nineteenth century Ohio was like. They can even take a ride on a replica of a canal boat.