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Battle of Chickamauga

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| image = [[File:Rosecrans, William S.Chickamauga Battlefield (1).jpggif]]| caption = Portrait Part of Major General William S. Rosecrans from Delaware Countythe Chickamauga Battlefied, OhioGA, ca. 18611860 -ca. 1865. Photograph was made from a negative in Brady's National Portrait Gallery.
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 <p>During the American Civil War, the Battle of Chickamauga took place from September 18 to September 20, 1863. </p>  <p>The battle pitted the Union's Army of the Cumberland, commanded by General William Rosecrans of Ohio, against the Confederate's Army of Tennessee, commanded by General Braxton Bragg. The Union Northern army numbered approximately sixty thousand men, while the Confederates had forty-three thousand soldiers. </p>  <p>The campaign that culminated in the Battle of Chickamauga began in June 1863. Following Bragg's defeat at the Battle of Stone's River in January 1863, the Confederates withdrew to the Tennessee River, just north of the city of Chattanooga, an important railroad center in southern Tennessee. Bragg believed that Rosecrans would next advance upon Chattanooga, hoping to seize the city. Rosecrans's Army of the Cumberland did advance southward. But rather than attacking Bragg's men at the Tennessee River, the Union force flanked the Confederates by crossing the river further south. </p>  <p>Bragg's army retreated to Chickamauga Creek, where the Confederates Southerners waited to attack the Union Northern soldiers. Thanks to reinforcements from Virginia, Mississippi, and Tennessee, Bragg's army now approached sixty-six thousand men. On September 19, 1864, the Union Northern soldiers encountered the Confederate force, and the Battle of Chickamauga began. The Confederates fared well the first day of the battle, slowly driving the Union soldiers Northerners backwards in sometimes-fierce hand-to-hand combat. The battle continued on September 20, when the Confederates renewed the attack. A large number of Union troops, approximately one third of the army under Rosecrans's command, broke under an attack from General James Longstreet's Virginians. Union General George Thomas rallied part of the Union Northern line against the Southern advance. These men stalled the Confederate attack, giving the retreating Union soldiers Northerners enough time to escape. Thomas retreated with his men that evening under the cover of darkness. In the battle, the Union Northerners lost 16,170 men to the Confederate’s Southerners' 18,454 men killed, wounded or captured. </p>  <p>The Army of the Cumberland regrouped at Chattanooga. Confederate forces seized the heights, including Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, surrounding the city. Confederate Southern artillery prevented supply trains or reinforcements from reaching Rosecrans's army, while it also prohibited the Union soldiers Northerners from retreating. The Union Northern soldiers were in a dire situation. They had to surrender, starve, or attack a larger, well-fortified force. The stage was set for the Battle of Chattanooga. </p>==See Also==<div class="seeAlsoText">*[[Battle of Chattanooga]]*[[William S. Rosecrans]]</div>==References==<div class="referencesText">#<em>Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of Rebellion, 1861-1866</em>. Akron, OH: The Werner Company, 1893.&nbsp;&nbsp;#Cozzens, Peter. <em>This Terrible Sound: The Battle of Chickamauga</em>. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1996.#Daniel, Larry J. <em>Days of Glory: The Army of the Cumberland, 1861-1865</em>. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004.#Dee, Christine, ed. <em>Ohio's War: The Civil War in Documents</em>. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2007.&nbsp;&nbsp;#Reid, Whitelaw. <em>Ohio in the War: Her Statesmen, Generals and Soldiers</em>. Cincinnati, OH: Clarke, 1895.#Roseboom, Eugene H. <em>The Civil War Era: 1850-1873</em>. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, 1944. &nbsp;#Woodworth, Steven E. <em>A Deep, Steady Thunder: The Battle of Chickamauga</em>. Fort Worth, TX: Ryan Place Publishers, 1996.</div>[[Category:History Events]] [[Category:Civil War]]
[[Category:Civil War]]