American Civil War

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| image = [[File:23rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry Color Guard.jpg]]
| caption = Color guard of the 23rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry with the national colors of their regiment, ca. 1863-1865. The regiment, composed of soldiers from Ohio, mustered in for Civil War service with the Union Army on June 11, 1861 at Camp Chase, Franklin County, Ohio. They mustered out on July 26, 1865 at Cumberland, Maryland. 
<p>The American Civil War was one of the greatest conflicts in American history.</p>
<p>There were several reasons why these people did not support the Northern war effort. A sizable number of white Ohioans, especially those living along the Ohio River, had migrated to the state from slaveholding states. While opponents of the war could not legally own slaves in Ohio, many of them had family members residing in the South who did own African-American slaves. These people often sympathized with slaveholders, agreeing with many white Southerners that the federal government did not have the power to limit slavery's existence. </p>
<p>Some political opponents also feared that President Lincoln intended to free the slaves. Some white Ohioans who objected to slavery's end feared that African Americans would flood the North looking for jobs if they were given their freedom. These white Ohioans did not want to compete with African Americans for employment. Many white Ohioans also believed that African Americans were inferior to whites. While these whites might believe that slavery was wrong, they still did not want African Americans living next to them. In addition, some Ohioans simply did not want to leave their families without support while they or their sons were fighting in the war, or they opposed the federal government's draft of men to serve in the Union military</p>
<p>Despite the divided sentiments within Ohio regarding the war, Ohioans still contributed greatly to the Northern victory. A number of prominent generals, including Irvin McDowell, Don Carlos Buell, Philip Sheridan, George McClellan, William T. Sherman, and Ulysses S. Grant, all came from Ohio. The Civil War also was an opportunity for several Ohioans to make a name for themselves and to use their fame to gain political power. Following the war, Ohio veterans Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James Garfield, and William McKinley all were elected to the presidency of the United States.</p><br />
==See Also==
<div class="seeAlsoText">
*[[African AmericansJohn Brown]]*[[Army of the PotomacUlysses S. Grant]]*[[Rutherford B. Hayes]]*[[Abraham Lincoln]]*[[William McKinley Jr.]]*[[Clement Vallandigham]]
*[[Battle of Antietam]]
*[[Battle of Chattanooga]]
*[[Battle of Gettysburg]]
*[[Battle of Shiloh]]
*[[Bleeding Kansas]]
*[[John Brown]]
*[[Don C. Buell]]
*[[Compromise of 1850]]
*[[Dred Scott v. Sandford]]
*[[Ulysses S. Grant]]
*[[Benjamin Harrison]]
*[[Rutherford B. Hayes]]
*[[John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry]]
*[[Abraham Lincoln]]
*[[George B. McClellan]]
*[[Irvin McDowell]]
*[[William McKinley Jr.]]
*[[Missouri Compromise]]
*[[African Americans]]
*[[Peace Democrats]]
*[[Procter & GambleBleeding Kansas]]*[[Philip HJohn Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry]]*[[George B. McClellan]]*[[William T. Sheridan Sherman]]
*[[Sherman's March to the Sea]]
*[[William TIrvin McDowell]]*[[Don C. Sherman Buell]]*[[Philip H. Sheridan]]*[[Benjamin Harrison]]*[[Procter & Gamble]]*[[Army of the Potomac]]
*[[United States Colored Troops]]
*[[Clement Vallandigham]]
[[Category:History Events]][[Category:Civil War]][[Category:African Americans]][[Category:Civil War]][[Category:Government and Politics]][[Category:Military]]