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Israel Putnam

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| caption = Major General Israel Putnam
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<p>Israel Putnam was a political and military leader during and after the American Revolution. </p> <p>He was born on January 7, 1718, in what is now Danvers, Massachusetts. In 1740, he moved to Pomfret, Connecticut, hoping to acquire land. Over the next thirty years, he became a successful farmer and also opened a tavern. He participated in the French and Indian War and was recognized for his bravery. In 1756, he became a captain in the Connecticut militia and, in 1758, was promoted to major. During the war, Indians captured him. The natives wanted to burn Putnam at the stake, but the last minute intervention of a French officer saved Putnam's life.</p> <p>Putnam played an important role in the disagreements between the British government and its colonies in the New World. These conflicts eventually led to the American Revolution. Known for his opposition to British taxes, Putnam won election to the Connecticut General Assembly in 1766. Around this same time, he also helped establish Connecticut's Sons of Liberty. This organization actively campaigned against the lack of colonial representation in the British government.</p> <p>With the outbreak of the American Revolution in 1775, Putnam joined the Continental Army. Due to his previous military experience, Putnam was made a colonel in the army. He eventually resigned from this position to become the head of the Connecticut militia with the rank of brigadier-general. He played a major role at the Battle of Bunker's (Breed's) Hill and was in charge of the troops guarding New York City before being replaced by George Washington. Putnam spent the remainder of his service in the military in minor positions. In 1779, he suffered a stroke, which left him partially paralyzed and forced him to retire from military duty. Putnam died on May 29, 1790, in Brooklyn, Connecticut.</p>
<p>Putnam did not have a direct connection to Ohio. His exploits, however, were well known by the settlers of the Connecticut Western Reserve in northern Ohio. Putnam County was named after this Revolutionary War hero. Israel Putnam was a cousin of Rufus Putnam, a pioneer settler in what would become the State of Ohio. Rufus Putnam helped established Marietta, the first permanent settlement by the newly established United States in the Northwest Territory.</p>
==See Also==
<div class="seeAlsoText">
*[[Rufus Putnam]]
*[[American Revolution]]
*[[Connecticut Western Reserve]]
*[[French and Indian War]]
*[[Connecticut Western Reserve]]
*[[Marietta, Ohio]]
*[[Northwest Territory]]
*[[Ohio]]
*[[Putnam County]]
*[[Rufus Putnam]]
*[[Sons of Liberty]]
*[[Putnam County]]
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==References==
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#Putnam, Daniel, ed. <em>An Account of the Battle of Bunker Hill by H. Dearborn. With A Letter to Maj. Gen. Dearborn Repelling his Unprovoked Attack on the Character of the Late Maj. Gen. Israel Putnam</em>. Boston, MA: Munroe &amp; Francis, 1818.
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[[Category:History People]][[Category:Exploration To Statehood]][[Category:American Indians]][[Category:American Revolution]][[Category:Frontier OhioMilitary]][[Category:MilitaryFrontier Ohio]]