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The American Revolution was fought between Great Britain and thirteen of its North American colonies. Most historians maintain that the war began on April 19, 1775, with the battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts, although the colonies did not officially approve and issue a Declaration of Independence until July 4, 1776. The American Revolution lasted until 1783, although the final major battle between the British Army and the Continental Army took place at Yorktown, Virginia, in October 1781. Few major battles occurred in the Ohio Country during the American Revolution. There was, however, tremendous bloodshed as the
Americans and the British struggled to gain the support of the Indians. Many tribes, such as the Shawnee Indians and the Delaware Indians, initially hoped to remain neutral in the conflict. Most eventually sided with Great Britain. They feared that, if the Americans emerged victorious, white settlers would flood into the Ohio Country.