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Land Grants and Sales

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In 1786, Connecticut gave up ownership of all its western lands to the United States, except for the Western Reserve in the northeast part of what was to become Ohio.</p>
<p><strong>Fire Lands&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong><br />
During the American Revolution, British troops destroyed property along the sea coast of Connecticut. In order to repay colonists for their losses, Connecticut gave these colonists 500,000 acres of land. These were called the &quot;Fire andsLands&quot; and were set aside at the western end of the Western Reserve.</p>
<p><strong>Seven Ranges</strong><br />
Except for lands under the control of the states of Virginia and Connecticut, Congress controlled all of the public lands in Ohio. In 1786, employees of the Congress made the first federal survey west of the Ohio River. Lying just downstream from Fort Pitt (modern Pittsburgh), the chosen area was the most easily reached of the western lands for survey and sale. This survey of &quot;Seven Ranges&quot; of public land was the first to use the system that was established by the Land Ordinance of 1785.</p>
<p><strong>Ohio Company of Associates</strong><br />
In 1786, the Ohio Company of Associates, founded in Massachusetts, convinced Congress to sell it 1.5 million acres of land in the Ohio Country. The first purchase was made in 1787, and the second in 1792. Also in 1792, Congress granted an additional 100,000 acres called the &quot;Donation Tract.&quot;. This was intended to put some protective distance between Marietta and the IndiansNative Americans. Although the Company intended to sell land to new settlers, much of it was hilly and poorly suited for agriculture.</p>
<p><strong>Symmes' Purchase</strong><br />
In 1794, Judge John Cleve Symmes purchased a large tract of land between the Great Miami River and the Little Miami River. He hoped to sell most of his land to settlers before he had to make payment to the government. Unfortunately for Symmes and his customers, he sold some of the land before he ever gained legal title to it, complicating early land ownership in what would become Ohio.</p>