Tammany Society

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<p>The Tammany Society came to Ohio during the early 1800s as Ohio's legislature and judiciary battled over their respective roles in government. Many members of the legislature, led by Edward Tiffin, believed that the Ohio legislature should dominate the government. Supporters of the judiciary, led by Samuel Huntington, believed that the court must have legislative oversight to protect the Ohio Constitution.</p>
<p>By 1810, the supporters of legislative supremacy were losing the battle. Many Ohioans viewed their actions as too extreme. In 1809, Tiffin's backers sought to impeach Judge George Tod and Judge Calvin Pease. Both men retained their positions by a single vote. The legislature also issued a resolution, removing all incumbent judges from office. Finally, to gain more support for their cause, Tiffin's backers agreed to move Ohio's capital to Zanesville. Most legislative supporters resided near Chillicothe. To triumph against the judiciary, Tiffin's supporters needed votes from across Ohio, including from people in Zanesville.</p>
<p>As the legislature's supporters lost favor, they organized Tammany Societies. The first one formed was at Chillicothe. Each society became known as a “wigwam.” Tammany members dominated the Ohio General Assembly during 1810 and 1811, and they managed to prevent attempts to allow incumbent judges to remain in office. Many Ohioans opposed the Tammany Society, believing that government should not be conducted in secret. Ohio's Tammany Society collapsed by the War of 1812, as Ohioans' attention centered on was with Great Britain.</p>
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