Ohio's State Mammal - White-tailed Deer

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| image = [[File:White-tailed Deer, buckOHS_Om3133_3742243_001.jpg]]| caption = A young white-tailed deer, also known as a "fawn".
<p>In 1988, the Ohio General Assembly made the White-tailed Deer Ohio's official state mammal. The White-tailed Deer, <em>Odocoileus virginianus</em>, has been extremely important in Ohio's history. The state tree, the Ohio Buckeye, is named because its nut resembles a deer, or buck's, eye. Buckeye is based on the Native American word &quot;hetuck,&quot; meaning &quot;eye of the buck.&quot; White-tailed Deer have been in Ohio since the end of the last Ice Age. At this point in time, the deer lived in the portion of southeastern Ohio where there were no glaciers. The deer played a very important role in the lives of practically all of Ohio's prehistoric Native American cultures. Ohio's native people used the deer's meat for food, the hide for clothing, and the bones and antlers for tools. Native Americans also used the hides, antlers, and bones for ceremonial purposes. Archaeologists have found deer antlers sheathed in copper at a prehistoric site, and Hopewell craftspeople made shaman characters wearing deer antlers.</p>