Shawnee Indians

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<p>General Anthony Wayne defeated the Shawnees and other Ohio natives at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. The Shawnees were forced to surrender most of their lands in Ohio with the signing of the Treaty of Greeneville.</p>
<p>Many of the Shawnee moved into the Indiana Territory. Some Shawnee, however, hoped to reclaim their Ohio lands. Chief among them was Tecumseh -- a veteran of the Battle of Fallen Timbers -- who hoped to unite together all native tribes west of the Appalachian Mountains against the United States. Due to the advanced technology of the whites and the Native American's failure to put aside their traditional differences, Tecumseh's efforts at confederation failed. General William Henry Harrison defeated the Shawnees and their allies at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. Other Shawnees, like Black Hoof -- leader of a popular Shawnee resistance movement on Treaty of Fort Meigs-appointed lands in Northwest Ohio -- adopted white customs, in the hope that assimilationist efforts would protect the Shawnee rights to these lands.</p>
<p>Between 1831 and 1833, the United States forced the Shawnees Shawnee to give up their land claims in Ohio. The U.S. government sent the natives Shawnee to reservations in Oklahoma and Kansas. </p> <p>The Shawnees Shawnee divided themselves into different clans. The principal leader of the Shawnees could only come from one clan. The name of this clan was “Chillicothe.” When a village was called Chillicothe, it meant that it was home to the principal chief, the “capital city” of the Shawnees. Chillicothe was also the name of Ohio's first state capital.</p>
<p> Today, descendants of Ohio's Shawnee are organized into several bands. Three federally-recognized bands are incorporated in the state of Oklahoma, including the Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma, the Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma, and the Shawnee Tribe (also known as the Loyal Shawnee), who were previously federally recognized as the Cherokee Shawnee and are descended from the Black Bob band of Shawnee who led a resistance movement on their lands near Cape Girardeau, Missouri. The state of Ohio also recognizes severally bands of Shawnee with claims to land in Ohio, including the United Remnant Band of the Shawnee Nation (recognized in 1979).</p>