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William H. Harrison

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As governor, Harrison ruled with military precision and determination. The Northwest Ordinance banned slavery north of the Ohio River. Harrison, from a prominent slave-holding family, could not permit slavery to exist in the Indiana Territory. But indentured servitude laws often kept many people, African American and white, in bondage for a number of years. Harrison did permit the formation of a territorial legislature in 1805, but he was not receptive to many of its requests. His authority remained virtually unchallenged until 1809, when the United States government separated modern-day Indiana from the other lands originally included in the Indiana Territory. Because he was a strong leader, Harrison was a man with firm friends and equally firm antagonists. In 1810, the legislature outlawed slavery and ended land ownership as a requirement for adult white men to be able to vote.<br />
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Although Harrison came to be disliked by some of his constituents, he did much to enhance the power of the United States in the early 1800s. While he served as governor, Harrison also worked as the Superintendent for Indian Affairs in the American Northwest. He convinced many Native Americans American Indians to relinquish millions of acres of land in what is now the mid-western part of the United States. Since the United States had reserved this land to the Native Americans American Indians in the Treaty of Greeneville, not all Native Americans American Indians were willing to forsake their claims. Chief among these people were the Shawnee, led by Tecumseh and the Prophet, Tecumseh's brother. These two men worked together to form a confederation of all Native American Indian tribes west of the Appalachian Mountains. Harrison marched against Tecumseh in late 1811. While Tecumseh was away seeking additional followers, Harrison attacked the Shawnees' major village, Prophetstown. On November 7, 1811, at the Battle of Tippecanoe, the U.S. army destroyed the village and hindered the success of the native American Indian alliance. <br />
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Now a military hero, Harrison continued to serve his country. In 1812, the War of 1812 began between the United States and Great Britain. President James Madison promoted Harrison to the rank of brigadier-general and put him in command of the Army of the Northwest. Harrison was responsible for protecting American settlements in the West from British and Native American Indian attack. Fearing the continued influx of American settlers, most natives American Indians sided with the British in the conflict. Harrison proved adept in defending the United States' western possessions. In October 1813, Harrison led the Army of the Northwest against a combined British and Native American Indian force led by General Henry Proctor and Tecumseh. Known as the Battle of the Thames, the United States emerged victorious. The British ran from the battlefield, leaving the Native Americans American Indianss to fight on alone. The Americans defeated the Native Americans, killing Tecumseh.<br />
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Following the War of 1812, Harrison returned to politics. He made his home at North Bend just west of Cincinnati, Ohio. He represented Ohio in the United States Congress for two terms. He also served as the United States ambassador to Colombia in 1828 and 1829. In 1836, he ran as a member of the Whig Party against Democrat Martin Van Buren for the Presidency of the United States. Van Buren, Vice President under Andrew Jackson, won the election. In 1840, Harrison ran against Van Buren for a second time. He emphasized his military record against Tecumseh and the British in the War of 1812 with John Tyler of Virginia as his running mate. His campaign slogan was &quot;Tippecanoe and Tyler, Too.&quot; <br />