Anthony Wayne

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<p>Anthony Wayne was an important instrumental American military leader during and after the American Revolution.</p><p>Wayne was born in Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, Born on January 1, 1745. As a young man, a career in the military fascinated Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, Anthony Wayne. Despite this desire, he attended his uncle's uncle’s private school in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and studied where he trained to become a surveyor. In 1765, a Pennsylvania real estate company sent Wayne to Nova Scotia to survey and to help to settle 100,000 acres of land that the company owned thereland. The venture failed When he returned to Pennsylvania in 1766, and Wayne returned to Pennsylvania. He took over worked for his father's tannery business. Upon which he eventually inherited when his father's death died in 1774, he inherited the prosperous business.</p><p>Wayne served on numerous committees in his home county, and encouraged his neighbors community to support rebellion against the British government. He served in the Pennsylvania legislature in 1775 and joined the Continental Army in 1776. He entered the service as a colonel but where he quickly advanced to the rank of brigadier-general by in 1777.</p><p>Wayne had no Due to his lack of military experience before enlisting in the Continental Army. Other, other more experienced officers resented Wayne's quick advancement. He became known for his bravado and ill-advised attacks. He earned , earning the nickname &quot;"Mad&quot; " Anthony Wayne because of his impulsive actions on the battlefield. He participated in America's failed invasion of Canada in 1776 and assumed the command of Fort Ticonderoga later that same year. The following year, he assisted George Washington in his failed defense of the nation's capital, Philadelphia. In 1779, Wayne led an American force against British soldiers at Stony Point, New York. He succeeded in capturing , where he captured the entire garrison. This was , a crucial victory for the AmericansAnglo-American settlers. The Continental Army had experienced few recent successes, and this victory improved the soldiers' morale. </p><p>In 1780, Wayne played a critical role in preventing Benedict Arnold from turning over the American fortifications at West Point to the Britishforces. He By serving as the men's advocate before the Confederation Congress, Wayne also helped to put down eliminate a mutiny of Pennsylvania soldiers who had not received payment from the government formed by the Articles of Confederation. He did so by serving as the men's advocate before the Confederation Congress. Following Lord Cornwallis's defeat at Yorktown, Virginia, in October 1781, Wayne served in Georgia against British Loyalists and their American Indian allies, especially the Creek and Cherokeepeoples. Wayne effectively forced Having attained the Creeks and Cherokees to sign treaties with the Americans. He rank of major general, Wayne retired in 1783 from the Continental Army, having attained the rank of major general.</p><p>From 1783 until -1792, Wayne remained a civilian in Pennsylvania. Georgia had given Wayne an eight-hundred-acre rice plantation for his assistance against area American Indian nations. Wayne became an absentee landlord. To operate the farm, Wayne borrowed heavily from Dutch bankers, who eventually foreclosed on his land. He held several political offices, including a seat in the Pennsylvania legislature in 1784 and 1785. He was a strong supporter of the Constitution and served as one of Georgia's members of the United States House of Representatives from 1791 to 1792. He , but was removed from this position in 1792 because he had failed to take up residency in Georgia, even though Georgia had given Wayne an eight-hundred-acre rice plantation for his assistance against the area’s American Indian nations.</p><p>In 1792, President George Washington appointed Wayne as the commander of the United States Army of the Northwest, and appointed him to serve in the Northwest Territory, where he created a militia called The Legion which underwent merciless training and drills. The major purpose objective of this army The Legion was to defend protect Anglo-American settlers from American Indian attacks by and to forcibly push native peoples out of Ohio's American Indians, who resided in Country to pave the areaway for expansion. Josiah Harmar and Arthur St. Clair had both been defeated at the hands of Ohio's American Indians in the previous few years, and Washington hoped that Wayne would prove to be more successful. To help defend the frontier, Wayne ordered the construction of several forts, including Fort Recovery, Fort Defiance, and Fort Greene Ville. Seeing The construction of these forts and the build-up degree of Anglo-American forces activity in the Northwest TerritoryOhio made American Indian leaders suspicious and nervous, the local and an American Indians became quite concernedIndian Confederacy actively fought against settlers’ expansion onto their land. To ease their fears, the American Indians' British allies constructed Fort Miamis Miami on the Maumee River. During 1794, Wayne moved against the American Indians, who were commanded by Blue Jacket. On and on August 20, 1794, the two forces met at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, so named because the American Indians used trees knocked down by a tornado for cover. Wayne's men drove the American Indian forces from the battlefield. Wayne succeeded primarily because of his well-trained troops. Harmar and St. Clair's earlier expeditions had failed due to a heavy reliance on unskilled soldiers.</p><p>The Americans had thirtyThirty-three men Anglo-American soldiers were killed and roughly one hundred wounded, while the American Indians lost approximately twice that number. Shawnee leader Blue Jacket's followers , leader of the Shawnee Nation, and his men retreated to Fort MiamisMiami, hoping the British would provide them with protection and assistance against Wayne's army. The ; the British refused. and Wayne followed the natives American Indians to the fort. Upon his arrival, Wayne ordered the British to evacuate the Northwest Territory. The , but the British commander refused. and Wayne decided to withdraw to Fort Greene Ville.</p><p>For the next year, Wayne stayed at Fort Greene Ville, negotiating a treaty with Ohio's American Indians. The After their disastrous defeat at Fallen Timbers, American Indians realized that they were at a serious disadvantage with the Americans, especially settlers because of Britain's refusal to support them and the nativessettlers steadily encroaching on their land. On August 3, 1795, the Treaty of Greeneville was signed. Representatives from the Miamis, WyandotWyandotte, Shawnee, Delaware, and several other American Indian nations agreed to move to the northwestern part of what is present-day Ohio. In doing so, they left behind their lands south and east of the agreed upon boundary. Not all American Indians, however, concurred with the treaty, and bloodshed continued in the region for the next twenty years as Anglo-American settlers and American Indiansstruggled Indians struggled for control in of the region. </p> 
==See Also==
<div class="seeAlsoText">
#Boyd, Thomas. <em>Mad Anthony Wayne</em>. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1929.
#Hurt, R. Douglas. <em>The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830</em>. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
#Millet, Allan R.<em>'Caesar and the Conquest of the Northwest Territory: The Wayne Campaign, 1792–95.' "Timeline," May-June 1997, p.2-21.</em>
#Preston, John Hyde. <em>A Gentleman Rebel: Mad Anthony Wayne</em>. Garden City, NY: Garden City Publishing Co., Inc., 1930.<strong>&nbsp;</strong>
#Tucker, Glenn. <em>Mad Anthony Wayne and the New Nation: The Story of Washington's Front-line General</em>. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1973.
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