Pee Pee Settlement

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<p>Established in Ohio during the late eighteenth century, the Pee Pee Settlement was a predominantly African American community.</p>
<p>Located in Pike County, the Pee Pee Settlement was located along Pee Pee Creek in Pebble Township. The creek was named for Peter Patrick, an early white resident of the area, who formerly lived in Virginia. A squatter, Patrick eventually returned to Virginia due to Native American Indian attacks. </p>
<p>By the 1820s, several African Americans had settled in the area. Most African American residents were former slaves from Virginia. Most residents earned a living as farmers, with some becoming sizable landowners. The community grew relatively quickly, with residents establishing a church in 1824. They constructed a school and government building soon thereafter. African American residents also actively assisted runaway slaves along the Underground Railroad.</p>
<p>Many white residents of Pike County objected to the African Americans' presence. Two white families, the Burkes and the Downings, which lived closest to the Pee Pee Settlement, especially despised the African Americans. On several occasions, these whites led violent attacks against the Pee Pee Settlement. On at least one occasion, whites burnt the home of an African American resident, Minor Muntz. Muntz was a conductor on the Underground Railroad. Undaunted by the whites' actions, Muntz rebuilt his home.</p>