Glenville Shootout

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<p>The Glenville Shootout was , one of a series of racially-charged riots that occurred in Cleveland, Ohio , during the 1960s, occurred the morning of July 23, 1968, when members of an African American militant group, led by Fred “Ahmed” Evans, and Cleveland police officers engaged in gunfire in the city’s Glenville neighborhood.</p>  <p>On July 23, 1968a tow truck operator arrived at Beulah Avenue, in what became known between East 123rd Street and Lakeview Avenue, to remove a reportedly abandoned car from the street. After exiting the tow truck, truck operator William McMillan claimed to have been shot by a man with a shotgun from Lakeview Avenue. According to his account, McMillian was shot a second time while hiding behind his truck, shot again while running away, and identified the shooter as Fred “Ahmed” Evans. </p> <p>Fred Evans moved to Cleveland with his family in the Glenville Shootout1930s from Greensville, police officers South Carolina, where he was born. Evans earned six medals commending his service in the Korean War and was honorably discharged in 1952. Evans re-enlisted but was court-marshaled after striking a number of superior officer in 1954, discharged in 1955, and returned to Cleveland. Evans became an active leader in Cleveland’s African-American individuals confronted each other community and a Black Power militant movement. His Afro Culture Shop and Bookstore served as a local meeting place and fed the community’s increased interest in African culture. Racial tensions in 1960s Cleveland's Glenville neighborhoodrose, located on especially after the city's east sideassassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in April 1968. </p> <p>After an hour of violencethe shooting began, four Mayor Carl Stokes, an African-American individuals himself called the National Guard and three ordered that only African American police officers had been killedand officials would enter Glenville. The incident set off forty-eight hours of additional violenceEarly on July 24, including lootingEvans surrendered to police. After shooting ceased, rampant arson fires, and beatingslooting struck the neighborhood for the next several days, but by July 28, the National Guard helped to restore peace. Local authorities eventually reestablished order in Although the citysequence of events that transpired remains uncertain, with various conflicting accounts to consider, Evans’ testimony is consistent with several accounts that the first man killed was one of his followers. </p>  <p>The shootings resulted in fifteen wounded and seven dead—three policemen, three African American militant members, and one civilian. Damages from looting and arson totaled $2.6 million, with 63 local businesses suffering losses. </p> <p>The Glenville Shootout and several other racial disturbances is one of many conflicts in Ohio during and the 1960s illustrate United States in the lack 1960s which were a direct result of opportunity for many people, especially the African Americans, in Ohio's major cities during this era. Many African-American residents community’s outrage with the lack of Cleveland believed that the citysupport from local, state, and federal governments were not meeting their needs. For much of the twentieth century, Cleveland's eastern neighborhoods had lacked business development and the population predominantly African American neighborhoods declined in these areas as many residents, especially white ones, sought better lives in fled to the suburbs. Many remaining residents developed a sense of hopelessness as their communities declined and the various levels of government failed to assist them. </p>   <p>After the incident, a man named Fred Evans would be tried and convicted for the seven deaths resulting from the violence. He was alleged to have conspired with others to cause the events that lead to the shooting deaths of multiple persons. A jury declared Evans guilty of the crimes. Evans was sentenced to death. </p>
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