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Supreme Court of Ohio

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<p>When Ohio became a state in 1803, Samuel Huntington, Return J. Meigs, Jr., and William Sprigg served as the first justices of the Supreme Court of Ohio. In 1804, Huntington became Chief Justice of the court. </p>
<p>Perhaps the most important case to come before the Supreme Court of Ohio in its early years was <em>Rutherford v. M'Fadden</em> (1807). Following the precedent set by the Supreme Court of the United States, Huntington and his fellow justices determined that the court had the right to declare state laws unconstitutional. This decision placed the court at odds with members of the state legislature, who felt that the court was trying to reduce their power to make laws. Perhaps the most important case to come before the Supreme Court of Ohio in its early years was ''Rutherford v. M'Fadden'' (1807). Following the precedent set by the Supreme Court of the United States, Huntington and his fellow justices determined that the court had the right to declare state laws unconstitutional. This decision placed the court at odds with members of the state legislature, who felt that the court was trying to reduce their power to make laws. In response to the Supreme Court's decision in ''Rutherford v. M'Fadden'', the state legislature sought to impeach Calvin Pease, presiding judge of the Third Judicial Circuit, and George Tod, a Supreme Court Justice, for decisions similar to the ''Rutherford v. M'Fadden'' case. These impeachment proceedings were ultimately unsuccessful, and each maintained their positions by a single vote each. Despite the legislature's efforts to weaken the Supreme Court of Ohio, the ''Rutherford v. M'Fadden'' decision established the right to review the constitutionality of legislative and gubernatorial actions. Despite the legislature's efforts to weaken the Supreme Court of Ohio, the <em>Rutherford v. M'Fadden</em> decision established the right to review the constitutionality of legislative and gubernatorial actions</p>
<p>The make up of the Ohio Supreme Court has changed since 1803. In 1851, Ohio voters approved a new state constitution. Under the new constitution, five justices served on the Supreme Court of Ohio. The voters also elected the justices to their positions. Amendments to the Ohio Constitution in 1912 increased the number of justices to seven and set the justices' terms at six years with the possibility of reelection. Since the constitutional amendments of 1912, no major changes have occurred in the number of justices or the powers of the Supreme Court of Ohio.</p>