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Celeron de Bienville's Expedition

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{{infobox| image = [[File:Bienville<p>From 1744 until 1748, Joseph Pierre Celoron de (Lead) PlateBritain and France were engaged in King George's War.jpg]]| caption = Photograph During the conflict, Britain managed to blockade France's colonies in North America. This greatly inhibited the French fur trade with the Native Americans of North America due to a partial lead plate discovered at the mouth lack of manufactured goods from Europe that could be exchanged for the Muskingum Rivernear Marietta furs. British businessmen quickly stepped in Washington Countyto fill the void, becoming the major trading partners with the American Indians in the OhioCountry.</p><p>At the war's conclusion, little changed in North America. The plates were buried by respective sides controlled the same territory as they had prior to the conflict. They also both claimed ownership of the Ohio Country. Britain had a somewhat greater presence in the region due to their improved ability to trade with the American Indians. In 1748, Comte de la Galissoniere, the highest-ranking French explorer Joseph Pierre Celoron official in North America, ordered Celeron de Bienville (also spelled Celeron de Blainville) to take 250 French soldiers to the Ohio Country to renew old friendships with local American Indians and his scouting party to drive the British traders from the region.</p><p>De Bienville carried out the mission in the summer of 1749. The plate's inscriptions is in French and He made his way from Montreal by descending the Allegheny River to the headwaters of the Ohio River (modern-day Pittsburgh), where he then proceeded down the Ohio. De Bienville carried several lead plates with him. On these plates were pronouncements laying claim King Louis to the XV Ohio Country. At the places where major rivers joined the Ohio, the party stopped and buried one of France the ruler tablets. On a nearby tree, a metal plaque was placed, asserting the claims of France and stating that the Ohio Valley regiontablet lay nearby. This plate was part practice of burying plates first began in Europe in the Middle Ages and was a group of common way to show landownership. In total, De Bienville is believed to have buried six plates placed near strategic tributaries . Only one has been found intact.</p><p>The French soldiers proceeded from Pittsburgh to the Great Miami River, planting the plates as they went. Along the route, the soldiers encountered large numbers of British traders, especially at Lower Shawnee Town at the Ohio Scioto River by Celoron and 's mouth. De Bienville demanded that the British leave, but most simply refused. Five months after his partyexpedition began, the French commander returned to Montreal. He had failed in driving the British from the Ohio Country and in reestablishing alliances with the American Indians. The French did not simply give up after De Bienville's expedition and . French traders quickly moved into the ceremonies conducted when region, hoping to recreate the plates favorable trading arrangements that they had enjoyed with the Ohio Country's American Indians before King George's War. With both the French and British claiming the Ohio Country, future conflicts were buried was intended as a show inevitable. The French and Indian War (1756-1763) and the resulting Treaty of force Paris (1763) would finally settle the issue. Due to its victory in the French and an attempt Indian War, Britain emerged from the conflict as the European owners of the Ohio Country. Many Native Americans did not consent to reclaim land for France on which British settlers were encroachingcontrol of their lands, and conflicts continued in the region for a number of years.</p>==See Also==<div class="seeAlsoText">*[[Celeron de Bienville]]*[[French and Indian War]]*[[Lower Shawnee Town]]*[[Ohio Country]]*[[Ohio River]]*[[Beaver Wars]]*[[Fur Trade]]*[[Scioto River]]*[[King George's War]]}}</div>
From 1744 until 1748, England and France were engaged in King George's War. During the conflict, England managed to blockade France's colonies in North America. This greatly inhibited the French fur trade with the Indians of North America due to a lack of manufactured goods from Europe that could be exchanged for the natives' furs. English businessmen quickly stepped in to fill the void, becoming the major trading partners with the Native Americans in the Ohio Country.==References==<div class="referencesText">At the war's conclusion#Howe, little changed in North AmericaHenry. The respective sides controlled the same territory as they had prior to the conflict. They also both claimed ownership <em>Historical Collections of the Ohio Country. England had a somewhat greater presence in the region due to their improved ability to trade with the nativesTwo Volumes</em>. In 1748, Comte de la Galissoniere, the highest-ranking French official in North America, ordered Celeron de Bienville (also spelled Celeron de Blainville) to take 250 French soldiers to the Ohio Country to renew old friendships with local Native Americans and to drive the English traders from the regionVolDe Bienville carried out the mission in the summer of 1749II. He made his way from Montreal by descending the Allegany River to the headwaters of the Ohio River (modern-day Pittsburgh)Cincinnati, where he then proceeded down the OhioOH: C. De Bienville carried several lead plates with himJ. On these plates were pronouncements laying claim to the Ohio CountryKrehbiel &amp; Co. At the places where major rivers joined the Ohio, the party stopped Printers and buried one of the tablets. On a nearby treeBinders, a metal plaque was placed, asserting the claims of France and stating that the tablet lay nearby. This practice of burying plates first began in Europe in the Middle Ages and was a common way to show landownership. In total, De Bienville is believed to have buried six plates. Only one has been found intact1902The French soldiers proceeded from Pittsburgh to the Great Miami River#Hurt, planting the plates as they wentR. Along the route, the soldiers encountered large numbers of British traders, especially at Lower Shawnee Town at the Scioto River's mouth. De Bienville demanded that the English leave, but most simply refused. Five months after his expedition began, the French commander returned to Montreal. He had failed in driving the British from the Ohio Country and in reestablishing alliances with the nativesDouglas. <em>The French did not simply give up after De Bienville's expedition. French traders quickly moved into the region, hoping to recreate the favorable trading arrangements that they had enjoyed with the Ohio Country's Native Americans before King George's War. With both Frontier: Crucible of the French and English claiming the Ohio CountryOld Northwest, future conflicts were inevitable. The French and Indian War (17561720-1763) and the resulting Treaty of Paris (1763) would finally settle the issue1830</em>. Due to its victory in the French and Indian WarBloomington, England emerged from the conflict as the European owners of the Ohio Country. Many Native Americans in the region failed to recognize British ownership or controlIN: Indiana University Press, and conflicts continued in the region for a number of years1996.</div>[[Category:HistoryEvents]] [[Category:EventsExploration To Statehood]] [[Category:{$topic}American Indians]] [[Category:Exploration To StatehoodBusiness and Industry]][[Category:Government and Politics]][[Category:Military]][[Category:Frontier Ohio]]