Treaty of Fort Harmar (1789)

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During the late 1780s, the Northwest Territory was a violent place as American settlers moved onto land that Native Americans claimed as their own. The United States government lacked the funds to equip an army to deal with the Indian threat. Nonetheless, Henry Knox, the Secretary of War, demanded that Arthur St. Clair, the governor of the Northwest Territory, establish a peaceful relationship between the settlers and the natives.
The Treaty of Fort Harmar did nothing to stop the bloodshed between the Americans and the Indians. Many Native Americans refused to honor the treaty, including the Shawnee Indians. They claimed that the tribes represented at the treaty negotiations did not speak for the Shawnees. Native attacks on white settlers in the Northwest Territory worsened following the treaty. St. Clair had failed to attain peace. Beginning in 1790, the American military decided to force the Indians from the Ohio Country. Warfare between the Americans and natives continued for the next several decades.
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