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Towns like Cincinnati, which had a number of streets with German names, chose to rename them during the war. The community of New Berlin changed its name to North Canton to show its patriotism. The state legislature passed the Ake Law, which banned the teaching of the German language in all schools below the eighth grade. Anyone who was suspected of being sympathetic to the German cause was treated badly by fellow Ohioans. Because there was a significant German-American population living in Ohio during World War I, anti-German sentiment was a serious problem. Many Ohioans assumed that people of German descent, conscientious objectors, and those who were not in favor of the war were traitors, even if there was no evidence to support those assumptions.
[[Category:The Progressive Era]]