Difference between revisions of "Teapot Dome Scandal"

From Ohio History Central
 
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| caption = Harry M. Daugherty and Warren G. Harding at Harding's home in Marion, Ohio during the 1920 presidential campaign. He served as a campaign adviser to Harding. After Harding was elected he appointed Daugherty Attorney General, a cabinet post that Daugherty held from 1921-1924. He resigned amid charges that he was involved in a conspiracy to defraud the government known as the Teapot Dome scandal.
 
| caption = Harry M. Daugherty and Warren G. Harding at Harding's home in Marion, Ohio during the 1920 presidential campaign. He served as a campaign adviser to Harding. After Harding was elected he appointed Daugherty Attorney General, a cabinet post that Daugherty held from 1921-1924. He resigned amid charges that he was involved in a conspiracy to defraud the government known as the Teapot Dome scandal.
 
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<p>In 1920, Ohioan Warren Gamaliel Harding won election as President of the United States. As president, for the most part, Harding proved to be a poor manager of the federal government. He delegated authority to his cabinet officials. These men became known as the "Ohio gang," because they supposedly were a gang of thieves from Ohio. In reality, most of the men linked to the Ohio gang were not from Harding's home state. Unfortunately for Harding and the country, many of the president's cabinet officials proved to be unscrupulous, causing a great deal of distrust among the U.S. public of their government officials. It is unclear, however, how much Harding knew of his subordinates' actions. </p>  
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<p>In 1920, Ohioan Warren Gamaliel Harding won election as President of the United States. President Harding’s legacy largely still is tied to the Teapot Dome Scandal. The scandal received its name from the government-owned oil fields in Teapot Dome, Wyoming. Oil lands in Elk Hills, Ca., also were included under the Teapot Dome umbrella.</p>
<p>Perhaps, the worst scandal of Harding's administration was the Teapot Dome Scandal, named for the Teapot Dome oilfield in Wyoming. Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall, a Kentuckian, rented government lands to oil companies in return for personal loans and gifts. The land in question existed in California and Wyoming. The federal government currently was holding oil under this land as a reserve for the United States Navy, but Fall decided to lease the land illegally to Mammoth Oil Company and to the Pan American Petroleum Company in return for the personal loans. In the end, Fall received approximately 404,000 dollars in loans or gifts from these two oil companies. Eventually the United States Senate launched an investigation of Fall's actions. He was found guilty of accepting money in return for the oil leases. Fall was convicted, fined 100,000 dollars and sentenced to one year in prison. The oilfields were returned to the United States Navy. </p>
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<p>The upshot of the Teapot Dome Scandal was the accusation that Harding’s Secretary of the Interior, Albert Fall, had bypassed the open bid process in awarding leases for government oil land to private oil companies. The practice of leasing government oil land was common because of the passage of the General Leasing Act under President Wilson.</p>
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<p>Fall, who had been a well respected senator from New Mexico prior to his two-year stint in Interior, allegedly had routed the leases to two oil companies in return for a $100,000 gift. At the end of a lengthy Senate investigation and ensuing trial, he was convicted of accepting the bribe, sentenced to a year in jail and fined $100,000; one oilman spent six months in jail for perjury; the other was acquitted of giving Fall the bribe.  
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==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
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Latest revision as of 17:48, 13 December 2013

Daugherty, Harry M. and Warren G. Harding.jpg
Harry M. Daugherty and Warren G. Harding at Harding's home in Marion, Ohio during the 1920 presidential campaign. He served as a campaign adviser to Harding. After Harding was elected he appointed Daugherty Attorney General, a cabinet post that Daugherty held from 1921-1924. He resigned amid charges that he was involved in a conspiracy to defraud the government known as the Teapot Dome scandal.

In 1920, Ohioan Warren Gamaliel Harding won election as President of the United States. President Harding’s legacy largely still is tied to the Teapot Dome Scandal. The scandal received its name from the government-owned oil fields in Teapot Dome, Wyoming. Oil lands in Elk Hills, Ca., also were included under the Teapot Dome umbrella.

The upshot of the Teapot Dome Scandal was the accusation that Harding’s Secretary of the Interior, Albert Fall, had bypassed the open bid process in awarding leases for government oil land to private oil companies. The practice of leasing government oil land was common because of the passage of the General Leasing Act under President Wilson.

Fall, who had been a well respected senator from New Mexico prior to his two-year stint in Interior, allegedly had routed the leases to two oil companies in return for a $100,000 gift. At the end of a lengthy Senate investigation and ensuing trial, he was convicted of accepting the bribe, sentenced to a year in jail and fined $100,000; one oilman spent six months in jail for perjury; the other was acquitted of giving Fall the bribe.

See Also

References

  1. Anthony, Carl Sferrazza.

<city> <place>Florence</place></city> Harding: The First Lady, the Jazz Age and the Death of <country-region> <place>America</place></country-region>'s Most Scandalous President. <place> <city>New York</city>, <state>NY</state></place>: W. Morrow & Co., 1998.  

  1. Daugherty, Henry Micajah. The Inside Story of the Harding Tragedy. New York, NY: The Churchill Company, 1932. 
  2. Mee, Charles L., Jr. The Ohio Gang: The World of Warren G. Harding. New York, NY: M. Evans, 1981.
  3. Murray, Robert K. The Harding Era: Warren G. Harding and His Administration. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1969.  
  4. Murray, Robert K. The Politics of Normalcy: Governmental Theory and Practice in the Harding-Coolidge Era. New York, NY: Norton, 1973. 
  5. Trani, Eugene P, and David L. Wilson. The Presidency of Warren G. Harding. Lawrence: Regents Press of Kansas, 1977.