Difference between revisions of "Timeline of Ohio History"

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(Early Statehood: 1803-1846)
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*1754-1763: [[French and Indian War]]
 
*1754-1763: [[French and Indian War]]
  
**France ceded all rights to the [[Treaty of Paris of 1763]].
+
**France ceded all rights to the [[Treaty of Paris of 1763]].
  
 
*1768: [[Treaty of Fort Stanwix]] - [[Iroquois]] ceded all lands south and east of the [[Ohio River]] to the British.
 
*1768: [[Treaty of Fort Stanwix]] - [[Iroquois]] ceded all lands south and east of the [[Ohio River]] to the British.
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*1775-1783: The [[American Revolution]]
 
*1775-1783: The [[American Revolution]]
  
**1775: Hostilities began with battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachussetts.  
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**1775: Hostilities began with battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachussetts.  
  
**1776: [[Declaration of Independence]]. American  colonies declared their independence from England.  
+
**1776: [[Declaration of Independence]]. Thirteen colonies declared their independence from England and form United States of America.  
  
**1781: Final major battle fought at Yorktown, Virginia
+
**1781: Final major battle fought at Yorktown, Virginia
  
*1782: [[Gnadenhutten Massacre]].  Pennsylvania militia killed Christian Indians near Tuscarawas River.
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*1782: [[Gnadenhutten Massacre]].  Pennsylvania militia killed Christian Native Americans near Tuscarawas River.
  
 
*1782: Colonel [[William Crawford]] burned at the stake in retaliation for the [[Gnadenhutten Massacre]].
 
*1782: Colonel [[William Crawford]] burned at the stake in retaliation for the [[Gnadenhutten Massacre]].
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*1786: [[Ohio Company of Associates]] formed in Massachusetts to sell land in what is now southeast Ohio.
 
*1786: [[Ohio Company of Associates]] formed in Massachusetts to sell land in what is now southeast Ohio.
  
*1787: [[Confederation Congress]] appointed [[Arthur St. Clair]] as first governor of the Northwest Territory.
+
*1787: [[Confederation Congress]] appointed [[St. Clair, Arthur | Arthur St. Clair]] as first governor of the Northwest Territory.
  
 
*1787: [[United States Constitution]]  drafted.
 
*1787: [[United States Constitution]]  drafted.
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**1790 - [[Harmar's  Defeat]]  
 
**1790 - [[Harmar's  Defeat]]  
  
**1791 - [[St. Clair's Defeat]]  
+
**1791 - [[St. Clair's Defeat]]  
  
 
**1794 - [[Battle of  Fallen Timbers]]
 
**1794 - [[Battle of  Fallen Timbers]]
  
*1795: [[Treaty of Greeneville (1795) | Treaty of Greeneville]]  signed, essentially ending the [[Ohio Indian Wars]].
+
*1795: [[Treaty of Greenville (1795) | Treaty of Greenville]]  signed, essentially ending the [[Ohio Indian Wars]].
  
 
*1800: [[Chillicothe]] became the capitol of the [[Northwest Territory]].
 
*1800: [[Chillicothe]] became the capitol of the [[Northwest Territory]].
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*1802: [[Ohio Constitutional Convention of 1802 | Constitutional Convention]] met at [[Chillicothe]] to draft [[Ohio Constitution of 1803 | Ohio's first constitution]].
 
*1802: [[Ohio Constitutional Convention of 1802 | Constitutional Convention]] met at [[Chillicothe]] to draft [[Ohio Constitution of 1803 | Ohio's first constitution]].
  
*1802: [[Worthington, Thomas | Thomas Worthington]] presented Ohio constitution to Congress for approval.
+
*1802: [[Worthington, Thomas | Thomas Worthington]] presented Ohio constitution to Congress for approval.
  
 
==Early Statehood: 1803-1846==
 
==Early Statehood: 1803-1846==
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*1816: State government relocated to [[Columbus]].
 
*1816: State government relocated to [[Columbus]].
  
*1825: Work on the [[National Road]] and the [[canal system]] in [[Ohio]] began.
+
*1825: Work on the [[National Road]] and the canal system in [[Ohio]] began.
  
 
*1833: [[Oberlin College]], the first  coeducational college in the United States  founded.
 
*1833: [[Oberlin College]], the first  coeducational college in the United States  founded.
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*1840: Ohioan [[Harrison, William H. | William Henry Harrison]]  elected the 9th President of the United States.
 
*1840: Ohioan [[Harrison, William H. | William Henry Harrison]]  elected the 9th President of the United States.
  
*1842: [[Treaty with the Wyandots (1842)]]. The [[Wyandots]], Ohio's last Indian tribe, agreed to relinquish all claims to land within the state.
+
*1842: [[Treaty with the Wyandots (1842) (Upper Sandusky) | Treaty with the Wyandots (1842)]]. The [[Wyandot Indians]], Ohio's last Native American tribe, agreed to relinquish all claims to land within the state.
  
 
*1845: The [[Miami and Erie Canal]]  completed.
 
*1845: The [[Miami and Erie Canal]]  completed.
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*1850: The first [[Ohio State Fair]]  held in [[Cincinnati]].
 
*1850: The first [[Ohio State Fair]]  held in [[Cincinnati]].
  
*1850: [[Ohio's second Constitutional Convention]]  held in [[Chillicothe]].
+
*1850: [[Ohio Constitutional Convention of 1850-1851 | Ohio's second Constitutional Convention]]  held in [[Chillicothe]].
  
 
*1851: The [[Ohio Constitution of 1851]]  adopted.
 
*1851: The [[Ohio Constitution of 1851]]  adopted.
  
*1852: Publication of ''[[Uncle Tom's Cabin]]'', written by in Ohio by [[Harriet Beecher Stowe]], increased tensions between the North and the South.
+
*1852: Publication of ''[[Uncle Tom's Cabin]]'', written by in Ohio by [[Stowe, Harriet B. | Harriet Beecher Stowe]], increased tensions between the North and the South.
  
 
==[[American Civil War]]: 1860-1865==
 
==[[American Civil War]]: 1860-1865==
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*1861: The [[Ohio Statehouse]]  completed.
 
*1861: The [[Ohio Statehouse]]  completed.
  
*1862: [[President Lincoln]] issued the [[Emancipation Proclamation]].
+
*1862: [[Lincoln, Abraham | President Lincoln]] issued the [[Emancipation Proclamation]].
  
*1863: Following a six-week siege, Confederate forces surrendered [[Vicksburg]] to Federal troops led by Ohioan [[Ulysses S. Grant]].
+
*1863: Following a six-week siege, Confederate forces surrendered [[Siege of Vicksburg | Vicksburg]] to Federal troops led by Ohioan [[Ulysses S. Grant]].
  
*1863: [[Morgan's Raid]]. Confederate Brigadier General [[John Hunt Morgan]] led troops on a daring raid across southern Ohio.
+
*1863: [[Morgan's Raid]]. Confederate Brigadier General [[Morgan, John H. | John Hunt Morgan]] led troops on a daring raid across southern Ohio.
  
*1863: [[Battle of Buffington Island]],the only [[Civil War]] battle fought on Ohio soil.
+
*1863: [[Battle of Buffington Island]],the only [[American Civil War | Civil War]] battle fought on Ohio soil.
  
*1864: [[President Lincoln]] promoted [[Ulysses S. Grant]] to supreme commander of all Union forces.
+
*1864: [[Lincoln, Abraham | President Lincoln]] promoted [[Ulysses S. Grant]] to supreme commander of all Union forces.
  
*1864: Union forces under the leadership of Ohioan [[William T. Sherman]] captured Atlanta.
+
*1864: Union forces under the leadership of Ohioan [[Sherman, William T. | William T. Sherman]] captured Atlanta.
  
*1864: Sherman led his troops on his "[[March to the Sea]]" from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
+
*1864: Sherman led his troops on his "[[Sherman's March to the Sea | March to the Sea]]" from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
  
 
*1864-1865: [[Ulysses S. Grant]] led the [[Army of the Potomac]] in pursuit of Robert E. Lee's forces during the [[Wilderness Campaign]].
 
*1864-1865: [[Ulysses S. Grant]] led the [[Army of the Potomac]] in pursuit of Robert E. Lee's forces during the [[Wilderness Campaign]].
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*1868: Ohioan [[Ulysses S. Grant]]  elected to his first of two terms as the 18th President of the United States.
 
*1868: Ohioan [[Ulysses S. Grant]]  elected to his first of two terms as the 18th President of the United States.
  
*1869: The [[Cincinnati Redstockings]], the first professional baseball team,  founded.
+
*1869: The [[Cincinnati Red Stockings]], the first professional baseball team,  founded.
  
 
*1870: Originally known as the [[Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College]], [[The Ohio State University]]  chartered by the [[Ohio General Assembly]].
 
*1870: Originally known as the [[Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College]], [[The Ohio State University]]  chartered by the [[Ohio General Assembly]].
  
*1876: Ohioan [[Rutherford B. Hayes]]  elected the 19th President of the United States.
+
*1876: Ohioan [[Hayes, Rutherford B. | Rutherford B. Hayes]]  elected the 19th President of the United States.
  
*1876: The [[Ashtabula Train Disaster]] resulted in 83 deaths.
+
*1876: The [[Ashtabula Train Disaster of 1876 | Ashtabula Train Disaster]] resulted in 83 deaths.
  
*1879: Ohioan [[Thomas Edison]] invented the electric light bulb.
+
*1879: Ohioan [[Edison, Thomas A. | Thomas Edison]] invented the electric light bulb.
  
*1880: Ohioan [[James A. Garfield]]  elected the 20th President of the United States.
+
*1880: Ohioan [[Garfield, James A. | James A. Garfield]]  elected the 20th President of the United States.
  
*1881: Charles Guiteau shot [[President Garfield]], who died three months later, in Washington, D.C.
+
*1881: Charles Guiteau shot [[Garfield, James A. | President Garfield]], who died three months later, in Washington, D.C.
  
 
*1884: [[Cincinnati Courthouse Riot]] brought destruction and death to Cincinnati.
 
*1884: [[Cincinnati Courthouse Riot]] brought destruction and death to Cincinnati.
  
*1888: Ohioan [[Benjamin Harrison]]  elected the 23rd President of the United States.
+
*1888: Ohioan [[Harrison, Benjamin | Benjamin Harrison]]  elected the 23rd President of the United States.
 
+
*1894: The first gasoline-powered [[automobile]] in the U.S.  invented.
+
 
+
*1896: Ohioan [[William McKinley]]  elected to his first of two terms as the 25th President of the United States.    
+
 
+
  
 +
*1894: The first gasoline-powered [[Automobiles | automobile]] in the U.S.  invented.
  
 +
*1896: Ohioan [[McKinley Jr., William | William McKinley]]  elected to his first of two terms as the 25th President of the United States.
  
 
==The Progressive Era: 1901-1928==
 
==The Progressive Era: 1901-1928==
  
*1901: Leon Czolgosz assassinated [[President McKinley]] in Buffalo, New York.  
+
*1901: Leon Czolgosz assassinated [[McKinley Jr., William | President McKinley]] in Buffalo, New York.  
  
*1902: The [[Ohio General Assembly]] officially adopted [[Ohio's state flag]].  
+
*1902: The [[Ohio General Assembly]] officially adopted [[Ohio's State Flag (1901) | Ohio's state flag]].  
  
*1903: Ohioans [[Orville]] and [[Wilbur]] Wright complete the first successful flight of a powered airplane.
+
*1903: Ohioans [[Wright, Orville | Orville]] and [[Wright, Wilbur | Wilbur]] Wright complete the first successful flight of a powered airplane.
  
*1908: Ohioan [[William H. Taft]]  elected the 27th President of the United States.
+
*1908: Ohioan [[Taft, William H. | William H. Taft]]  elected the 27th President of the United States.
  
 
*1908: The [[Collinwood School Fire]], near Cleveland, killed 173 pupils, two teachers, and one firefighter.
 
*1908: The [[Collinwood School Fire]], near Cleveland, killed 173 pupils, two teachers, and one firefighter.
  
*1913: The [[Flood of 1913]] caused the death of at least 428 Ohioans and brought destruction across the state.
+
*1913: The [[1913 Ohio Statewide Flood | Flood of 1913]] caused the death of at least 428 Ohioans and brought destruction across the state.
  
 
*1914-1918: [[World War I]]
 
*1914-1918: [[World War I]]
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**1918: Aproximately 1,200  troops died at [[Camp  Sherman]] during the [[Influenza Epidemic of 1918]].
 
**1918: Aproximately 1,200  troops died at [[Camp  Sherman]] during the [[Influenza Epidemic of 1918]].
  
*1920: Ohioan [[Warren G. Harding]]  elected the 29th President of the United States.
+
*1920: Ohioan [[Harding, Warren G. | Warren G. Harding]]  elected the 29th President of the United States.
 
+
*1925: The dirigible ''[[Shenandoah ]]''[[crashed]] near Ava, Ohio, killing 14 people.   
+
 
+
 
+
  
 +
*1925: The dirigible ''[[USS Shenandoah | Shenandoah ]]''[[Crash of the USS Shenandoah | crashed]] near Ava, Ohio, killing 14 people.
  
 
==The [[Great Depression]] and [[World War II]]: 1929-1945==
 
==The [[Great Depression]] and [[World War II]]: 1929-1945==
  
*1929-1941: The [[Great       Depression]]
+
*1929-1941: The [[Great Depression]]
  
 
*1930: The [[Ohio Penitentiary Fire]] killed 322 inmates.
 
*1930: The [[Ohio Penitentiary Fire]] killed 322 inmates.
  
*1935: [[Ohio's first sales tax]]  instituted.
+
*1935: [[Ohio Retail Sales Tax Law of 1935 | Ohio's first sales tax]]  instituted.
  
 
*1937: The [[Ohio River Flood of 1937]] brought devastation to southern Ohio.
 
*1937: The [[Ohio River Flood of 1937]] brought devastation to southern Ohio.
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*1941-1945: The [[World War II]] entangled the United States and Ohio.
 
*1941-1945: The [[World War II]] entangled the United States and Ohio.
  
*1949: The [[General Assembly]] created the Ohio Department of Natural Resources.  
+
*1949: The [[Ohio General Assembly]] created the Ohio Department of Natural Resources.
 
+
 
+
 
+
  
 
==The [[Cold War]] and the [[Civil Rights Movement]]: 1946-1975==
 
==The [[Cold War]] and the [[Civil Rights Movement]]: 1946-1975==
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*1950-1953: The [[Korean War]]
 
*1950-1953: The [[Korean War]]
  
*1953: Correcting an oversight, Congress passed a resolution officially recognizing [[Ohio statehood]] and declaring Ohio's date of entry into the Union as March 1, 1803.
+
*1953: Correcting an oversight, Congress passed a resolution officially recognizing [[Ohio Statehood]] and declaring Ohio's date of entry into the Union as March 1, 1803.
  
*1955: The [[Ohio Turnpike]]  completed.
+
*1955: The [[Ohio Turnpike Commission | Ohio Turnpike]]  completed.
  
*1958: Completion of the [[St. Lawrence Seaway]] connected Ohio cities on [[Lake Erie]] to international trade opportunities.  
+
*1958: Completion of the [[Great Lakes St. Lawrence Seaway System | St. Lawrence Seaway]] connected Ohio cities on [[Lake Erie]] to international trade opportunities.  
  
*1959: The [[General Assembly]] created the [[Ohio Civil Rights Commission]].
+
*1959: The [[Ohio General Assembly]] created the [[Ohio Civil Rights Commission]].
  
*1962: Ohioan [[John Glenn]] became the first American to orbit the earth.
+
*1962: Ohioan [[Glenn Jr., John H. | John Glenn]] became the first person from the United States to orbit the earth.
  
*1963: [[William O. Walker]] became Ohio's first African-American cabinet member.
+
*1963: [[Walker, William O. | William O. Walker]] became Ohio's first African-American cabinet member.
  
*1963: The [[Professional Football Hall of Fame]] opened in [[Canton]].
+
*1963: The [[Pro Football Hall of Fame]] opened in [[Canton, Ohio]].
  
 
*1964-1974: [[Vietnam War]]
 
*1964-1974: [[Vietnam War]]
  
*1967: [[Carl Stokes]] became the first [[African-American]] mayor of a major city ([[Cleveland]]).
+
*1967: [[Stokes, Carl B. | Carl Stokes]] became the first [[African Americans | African-American]] mayor of a major city ([[Cleveland, Ohio | Cleveland]]).
  
*1969: Ohioan [[Neil Armstrong]] became the first person to walk on the moon.
+
*1969: Ohioan [[Armstrong, Neil A. | Neil Armstrong]] became the first person to walk on the moon.
  
*1970: [[Kent State Riot]] - Four students killed by [[Ohio National Guard]] during anti-war protests.
+
*1970: [[Kent State Shootings]] - Four students were killed by the [[Ohio National Guard]] during anti-war protests.
  
*1972: The [[General Assembly]] enacted the [[Ohio Income Tax]].
+
*1972: The [[Ohio General Assembly]] enacted the [[Ohio Income Tax]].
  
 
*1973: Ohio voters approved the [[Ohio Lottery]].
 
*1973: Ohio voters approved the [[Ohio Lottery]].
  
*1974: The deadly [[Xenia Tornado]] killed 33 people.  
+
*1974: The deadly [[Xenia Tornado of 1974 | Xenia Tornado]] killed 33 people.
 
+
 
+
 
+
  
 
==Modern Ohio==
 
==Modern Ohio==
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*1978: The [[1978 Ohio Statewide Blizzard | Blizzard of 1978]], the worst winter storm in Ohio's history.  
 
*1978: The [[1978 Ohio Statewide Blizzard | Blizzard of 1978]], the worst winter storm in Ohio's history.  
  
*1979: Public schools in [[Columbus]], [[Dayton]] and [[Cleveland]] began [[busing]] pupils to eliminate segregation.
+
*1979: Public schools in [[Columbus]], [[Dayton]] and [[Cleveland, Ohio | Cleveland]] began [[busing]] pupils to eliminate segregation.
  
*1986: Astronaut [[Judith Resnik]], of [[Akron]], died in the ''Challenger'' space shuttle explosion.  
+
*1986: Astronaut [[Resnik, Judith | Judith Resnik]], of [[Akron, Ohio | Akron]], died in the ''Challenger'' space shuttle explosion.  
  
 
*1991: In their ruling in ''[[DeRolph v. State of Ohio]]'', the [[Ohio Supreme Court]] declared Ohio's school funding program unconstitutional.  
 
*1991: In their ruling in ''[[DeRolph v. State of Ohio]]'', the [[Ohio Supreme Court]] declared Ohio's school funding program unconstitutional.  
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*1993: The [[Lucasville Prison Riot]] resulted in the deaths of nine prisoners and one guard.  
 
*1993: The [[Lucasville Prison Riot]] resulted in the deaths of nine prisoners and one guard.  
  
*1995: The [[Rock and Roll Hall of Fame]] opened in [[Cleveland]].  
+
*1995: The [[Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Museum]] opened in [[Cleveland, Ohio | Cleveland]].  
  
 
*1995: International negotiations at [[Wright-Patterson Air Force Base]] near [[Dayton]] led to the Bosnian Peace Agreement.
 
*1995: International negotiations at [[Wright-Patterson Air Force Base]] near [[Dayton]] led to the Bosnian Peace Agreement.
  
*1998: Astronaut [[John Glenn]] became the oldest man to travel into space.
+
*1998: Astronaut [[Glenn Jr., John H. | John Glenn]] became the oldest man to travel into space.
  
*2001: Terrorist attacks on [[September 11]] in New York City, NY and Washington, D.C., led to a flurry of anti-terrorist activities in [[Ohio]] and throughout the nation.
+
*2001: Terrorist attacks on [[11-Sep-01 | September 11]] in New York City, NY and Washington, D.C., led to a flurry of anti-terrorist activities in [[Ohio]] and throughout the nation.
  
*2006: Ohio voters passed a [[statewide smoking ban]] in public places.
+
*2006: Ohio voters passed [[Ohio's Statewide Smoking Ban]] in public places.

Latest revision as of 12:53, 20 July 2017

Prehistoric Period: 13000 BC-1650 AD

  • 8000 BC-500 BC: Ohio's Archaic Period - Most native people lived as hunters and gatherers.
  • 800 BC-1200 AD: Ohio's Woodland Period - The region's native populace increasingly relied on agriculture to sustain themselves.
  • 100 BC-400 AD: The Hopewell Culture built large mound complexes in Ohio, including the Newark Earthworks.


Exploration to Statehood: 1650-1803

  • 1492: Christopher Columbus rediscovered the Americas for Europeans, beginning the Colonial Period in the New World.
  • 1607: The Virginia Company established Jamestown, the first British community to survive in North America.
  • 1748: The Ohio Company formed in Virginia to settle the Ohio River Valley.
    • 1775: Hostilities began with battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachussetts.
    • 1781: Final major battle fought at Yorktown, Virginia
  • 1782: Gnadenhutten Massacre. Pennsylvania militia killed Christian Native Americans near Tuscarawas River.

Early Statehood: 1803-1846

  • 1812: City of Columbus founded and named as new state capitol.
  • 1816: State government relocated to Columbus.
  • 1833: Oberlin College, the first coeducational college in the United States founded.
  • 1835: Boundary dispute between Michigan and Ohio led to the Toledo War.

American Civil War: 1860-1865

  • 1864: Sherman led his troops on his " March to the Sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
  • 1865: Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia.

Industrialization and Urbanization: 1866-1900

  • 1868: Ohioan Ulysses S. Grant elected to his first of two terms as the 18th President of the United States.
  • 1881: Charles Guiteau shot President Garfield, who died three months later, in Washington, D.C.
  • 1894: The first gasoline-powered automobile in the U.S. invented.
  • 1896: Ohioan William McKinley elected to his first of two terms as the 25th President of the United States.

The Progressive Era: 1901-1928

  • 1903: Ohioans Orville and Wilbur Wright complete the first successful flight of a powered airplane.
  • 1913: The Flood of 1913 caused the death of at least 428 Ohioans and brought destruction across the state.

The Great Depression and World War II: 1929-1945

  • 1941-1945: The World War II entangled the United States and Ohio.

The Cold War and the Civil Rights Movement: 1946-1975

  • 1953: Correcting an oversight, Congress passed a resolution officially recognizing Ohio Statehood and declaring Ohio's date of entry into the Union as March 1, 1803.
  • 1962: Ohioan John Glenn became the first person from the United States to orbit the earth.

Modern Ohio

  • 1998: Astronaut John Glenn became the oldest man to travel into space.
  • 2001: Terrorist attacks on September 11 in New York City, NY and Washington, D.C., led to a flurry of anti-terrorist activities in Ohio and throughout the nation.