Difference between revisions of "Timeline of Ohio History"

From Ohio History Central
(The Cold War and the Civil Rights Movement: 1946-1975)
(Modern Ohio)
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*1978: The [[1978 Ohio Statewide Blizzard | Blizzard of 1978]], the worst winter storm in Ohio's history.  
 
*1978: The [[1978 Ohio Statewide Blizzard | Blizzard of 1978]], the worst winter storm in Ohio's history.  
  
*1979: Public schools in [[Columbus]], [[Dayton]] and [[Cleveland]] began [[busing]] pupils to eliminate segregation.
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*1979: Public schools in [[Columbus]], [[Dayton]] and [[Cleveland, Ohio | Cleveland]] began [[busing]] pupils to eliminate segregation.
  
*1986: Astronaut [[Judith Resnik]], of [[Akron]], died in the ''Challenger'' space shuttle explosion.  
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*1986: Astronaut [[Resnik, Judith | Judith Resnik]], of [[Akron, Ohio | Akron]], died in the ''Challenger'' space shuttle explosion.  
  
 
*1991: In their ruling in ''[[DeRolph v. State of Ohio]]'', the [[Ohio Supreme Court]] declared Ohio's school funding program unconstitutional.  
 
*1991: In their ruling in ''[[DeRolph v. State of Ohio]]'', the [[Ohio Supreme Court]] declared Ohio's school funding program unconstitutional.  
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*1993: The [[Lucasville Prison Riot]] resulted in the deaths of nine prisoners and one guard.  
 
*1993: The [[Lucasville Prison Riot]] resulted in the deaths of nine prisoners and one guard.  
  
*1995: The [[Rock and Roll Hall of Fame]] opened in [[Cleveland]].  
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*1995: The [[Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Museum]] opened in [[Cleveland, Ohio | Cleveland]].  
  
 
*1995: International negotiations at [[Wright-Patterson Air Force Base]] near [[Dayton]] led to the Bosnian Peace Agreement.
 
*1995: International negotiations at [[Wright-Patterson Air Force Base]] near [[Dayton]] led to the Bosnian Peace Agreement.
  
*1998: Astronaut [[John Glenn]] became the oldest man to travel into space.
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*1998: Astronaut [[Glenn Jr., John H. | John Glenn]] became the oldest man to travel into space.
  
*2001: Terrorist attacks on [[September 11]] in New York City, NY and Washington, D.C., led to a flurry of anti-terrorist activities in [[Ohio]] and throughout the nation.
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*2001: Terrorist attacks on [[11-Sep-01 | September 11]] in New York City, NY and Washington, D.C., led to a flurry of anti-terrorist activities in [[Ohio]] and throughout the nation.
  
*2006: Ohio voters passed a [[statewide smoking ban]] in public places.
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*2006: Ohio voters passed [[Ohio's Statewide Smoking Ban]] in public places.

Revision as of 13:30, 16 May 2013

Prehistoric Period: 13000 BC-1650 AD

  • 8000 BC-500 BC: Ohio's Archaic Period - Most native people lived as hunters and gatherers.
  • 800 BC-1200 AD: Ohio's Woodland Period - The region's native populace increasingly relied on agriculture to sustain themselves.
  • 100 BC-400 AD: The Hopewell Culture built large mound complexes in Ohio, including the Newark Earthworks.


Exploration to Statehood: 1650-1803

  • 1492: Christopher Columbus rediscovered the Americas for Europeans, beginning the Colonial Period in the New World.
  • 1607: The Virginia Company established Jamestown, the first British community to survive in North America.
  • 1748: The Ohio Company formed in Virginia to settle the Ohio River Valley.
    • 1775: Hostilities began with battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachussetts.
    • 1781: Final major battle fought at Yorktown, Virginia
  • 1782: Gnadenhutten Massacre. Pennsylvania militia killed Christian Native Americans near Tuscarawas River.

Early Statehood: 1803-1846

  • 1812: City of Columbus founded and named as new state capitol.
  • 1816: State government relocated to Columbus.
  • 1833: Oberlin College, the first coeducational college in the United States founded.
  • 1835: Boundary dispute between Michigan and Ohio led to the Toledo War.

American Civil War: 1860-1865

  • 1864: Sherman led his troops on his " March to the Sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
  • 1865: Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia.

Industrialization and Urbanization: 1866-1900

  • 1868: Ohioan Ulysses S. Grant elected to his first of two terms as the 18th President of the United States.
  • 1881: Charles Guiteau shot President Garfield, who died three months later, in Washington, D.C.
  • 1894: The first gasoline-powered automobile in the U.S. invented.
  • 1896: Ohioan William McKinley elected to his first of two terms as the 25th President of the United States.

The Progressive Era: 1901-1928

  • 1903: Ohioans Orville and Wilbur Wright complete the first successful flight of a powered airplane.
  • 1913: The Flood of 1913 caused the death of at least 428 Ohioans and brought destruction across the state.

The Great Depression and World War II: 1929-1945

  • 1941-1945: The World War II entangled the United States and Ohio.

The Cold War and the Civil Rights Movement: 1946-1975

  • 1953: Correcting an oversight, Congress passed a resolution officially recognizing Ohio Statehood and declaring Ohio's date of entry into the Union as March 1, 1803.
  • 1962: Ohioan John Glenn became the first person from the United States to orbit the earth.

Modern Ohio

  • 1998: Astronaut John Glenn became the oldest man to travel into space.
  • 2001: Terrorist attacks on September 11 in New York City, NY and Washington, D.C., led to a flurry of anti-terrorist activities in Ohio and throughout the nation.